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전인간호과학학술지

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Purpose: This study was to identify the influencing factors on burnout in nurses working in oncology unit. Methods: The participants of the study were 207 nurses working in oncology units of 2 university hospitals in B metropolitan city. Data were collected by structured questionnaires from January 2 to February 15, 2016 after receiving approval from IRB in K university located in B metropolitan city. Data were analyzed using descriptive, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and stepwise regression analysis with SPSS/WIN 18.0 program. Results: There were significant differences in the degree of burnout according to age and education level, position, overtime hours, night shift hours, and work satisfaction in oncology nurses. The factors influencing burnout were professional self-concept (β= −.75, p<.001) and work satisfaction (β=−.13, p=.003). These factors contributed 64.3% of the total variance in burnout in nurses working in oncology unit. Conclusion: Based on the results, educational and/or mentoring programs to promote professional self-concept should be developed and implemented to reduce burnout of nurses in oncology unit. Also it is necessary to develop organizational strategies to improve work satisfaction of oncology nurses.
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손원미(Won Mi Son),신양수(Yang Soo Shin),진현정(Hyun Jeong Jin),윤지영(Ji Young Yoon),김인정(In Jeong Kim),최은정(Eun Joung Choi)
전인간호과학학술지 제14권/ 2021
1-8 (8 pages)
의약학>간호학
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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of the heated-humidified breathing circuit applied on the body temperature and shivering of general anesthesia patients. Methods: A nonequivalent control group with a non-synchronized design was utilized and 52 participants (experimental group, 26; control group, 26) were recruited from August 1 to December 30, 2017 in at university hospital K located in B city. The experimental equipment included a heated-humidified breathing circuit, which connects the intubation tube with the anesthesia machine for mechanical ventilation after airway intubation in general anesthesia patients. Results: As a result of the study, the experimental group has less body temperature change than the control group (F=25.40, p<.001). As a result of comparing the shivering, the experimental group averaged 0.039±0.20, which was not statistically significant compared to the control group s average of 0.27±0.83, so it was rejected (t=−1.384, p=.173). Conclusion: A heated-humidified breathing circuit may be actively used in a warming method to prevent the hypothermia of general anesthesia patients.
Purpose: This study was to identify the factors affecting the perceived achievement of nursing students who experienced online-class due to COVID-19. Methods: This research was descriptive survey design. Participants were nursing students who had experienced online-class due to COVID-19 for one semester at a university in B metropolitan. Data were collected by structured questionnaire via google format. Data were collected through online surveys from June 1 to 10, 2020. Data were analyzed using descriptive, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and stepwise regression analysis with SPSS/WIN 24.0 program. Results: First, the average score of teaching presence was 4.20±0.68, learner participation 3.84±0.64, learner satisfaction 4.21±0.70, and perceived achievements was 4.19±0.63. Second, factors significantly affecting perceived achievement were leaner satisfaction (β=471, p<.001), teaching presesnce (β=.305, p<.001) and learner participation (β=.181, p=.002). These factors affecting the perceived learner’s achievements of the subjects were with an explanatory power of 80.3%. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, it is necessary to improve online learner’s perceived achievement. Instructors should develop learning strategies that can enhance learners self-directed learning in online classes for nursing students.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among self-esteem, sense of calling and biomedical ethics to nursing professionalism for nursing students and the influencing factors among nursing professionalism for nursing students. Methods: This study used 317 questionnaires from nursing students attending in B metropolitan to collect data from November 1, 2018 to November 15. Data were analyzed by SPSS/WIN 20.0 program using descriptive statistics, t-test, Scheffe’s test, Pearson s correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression. Results: The participant’s nursing professionalism level was 3.52±0.40, self-esteem level was 3.07±0.49, sense of calling level was 2.68±0.57 and biomedical ethics level was 2.92±0.29. nursing professionalism was a significant correlated between self-esteem (r=.21, p<.001), sense of calling (r=.36, p<.001), biomedical ethics (r=−.24, p<.001). According to the result of multiple regression analysis, The significant factors influencing nursing professionalism of nursing students were prosocial orientation belonging to the sub-areas of the sense of calling, biomedical ethics, major satisfaction and purpose/meaning belonging to the sub-areas of the sense of calling, it was explained by 18.7%. Conclusion: Based on this finding, Based on these findings, In order to positively establish the nursing professionalism of nursing students, it is necessary to further strengthen ethical education to inspire biomedical ethics awareness within the curriculum of the university. In addition, it is believed that it is necessary to seek ways to utilize in- and extra-curricular programs to increase major satisfaction and we suggest qualitative research to identify the cause of students with low major satisfaction.
Purpose: This study is to identify the effects of clinical practice stress, resiliance and Selfefficacy on clinical competency in nursing students. Methods: Data were collected from nursing students in one universitiy in B city, and analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, Scheffe test, Pearson s correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression analysis. Results: Clinical competency of the participants showed statistical differences according to satisfaction with major. Clinical competency was negatively correlated with clinical practice stress (r=−.164, p<.05) and positively correlated with, resiliance (r=.249, p<.01), selfefficacy (r=.343, p<.01). The affecting factors on clinical competency self-efficacy (β= .263, p<.01). These variables explained 12.5% of total variance on clinical competency. Conclusion: Therefore, in order to increase the clinical competency of nursing students, it is necessary to develop and implement curriculum and comparative educational programs that can increase the self-efficacy.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between self-leadership and clinical decision making ability of nursing college students and to identify the mediating effect of critical thinking disposition. Methods: Research subjects were 116 nursing students in the 2nd grades who have experienced fundamental nursing practice in the 1 university in city B. Data collection occurred between June 1, 2021 and July 1 of the same year. For data analysis, IBM SPSS Statistics WIN 22.0 Program was used to perform descriptive statistics, t-test, Pearson’s correlation coefficients and Multiple regression. For mediating effect analysis, Baron and Kenny, bootstrapping method was used. Results: There were significant positive relationships between self-leadership and clinical decision making ability (r=.41, p<.001), between critical thinking disposition and decision making ability (r=.69, p<.001). Self-leadership was significantly positively correlated with critical thinking disposition (r=−.55, p<.001). It was found that critical thinking disposition was completely mediated in the relationship between self-leadership and clinical decision making ability (95 % CI, 0.07∼0.27). Conclusion: The results of this study highlight the need to develop and implement individualized nursing education programs that enhance critical thinking disposition in nurses to promote clinical decision making ability.
Purpose: This study is aimed to identify the effects of spiritual well-being on quality of life of people with mental disabilities. Methods: 162 people with mental disabilities were recruited from three mental hospitals outpatient and one day hospital in Busan and Gyeongnam. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffé test, Pearson’s correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression. Results: Quality of life was positively correlated with spiritual well-being (r=.62, p<.001). Factors influencing quality of life were spiritual well being (β=.60, p<.001) and monthly income (β=.15, p=.016). The explanatory power of these factors for quality of life of people with mental illness was 42%. Conclusion: The results suggest that spiritual well-being and monthly income an important role in the quality of life of people with mental disabilities. Therefore, it is necessary to develop program that increasing the level of the quality of life of people with mental disabilities a variety of factors should be considered.
Purpose: This study was a descriptive correlational study and conducted with the purpose to provide basic information for developing a human resources management that could help to reduce nurses turnover rate by examining the relationship between nurses workplace bullying and exhaustion at work and their intention to change jobs. Methods: The subjects were 229 nurses were selected with over 6 months of work experiences working at 3 university hospitals and 2 general hospitals located in B metropolitan city. Data were collected from September 1∼30, 2013, and analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe’s test and Pearson correlation coefficients using SPSS. Results: The mean of intention to change jobs was 41.03±7.72. The level of intention to change jobs was correlated with workplace bullying (r=.24, p<.001) and exhaustion (r=.48, p<.001). Conclusion: Based on results of this study, nurse s exhaustion and their intention to change jobs were moderate correlated. In addition, workplace bullying and intention to change jobs showed a weak correlation. 12.2% of the subject of this study were found to be victims of workplace bullying. Accordingly, it should not be overlooked. Individual interest and consideration for such victims of bullying are needed and human resources department should recognize it as a serious issue and multilateral efforts should be made to solve such issue.
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