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한국보건기초의학회지

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This study was attempted to be used as basic data for nursing education by checking whether cooperative learning can be applied to theoretical subjects to improve communication ability, self-directed learning ability, and self-efficacy to be achieved by nursing students. This is an inequality control pre-post and post-similar experimental study to investigate the effects of cooperative learning activities on communication ability, self-directed learning, and self-efficacy of nursing students by conveniently sampling two classes of nursing departments at a university. A total of 72 subjects, 37 in the experimental group and 35 in the control group, participated in the study. (1) There was no statistically significant difference between the experimental group and the control group according to the subject’s gender, age, residence type, economic status, and mental health status, indicating that the two groups were homogeneous. (2) Before the experiment, There was no significant difference, and the two groups were found to be homogeneous. communication ability (t=1.372, p=0.176), self-directed learning ability (t=1.043, p=0.303), and self-efficacy (t=0.501, p=0.615) (3) After the experimental treatment, communication ability (t=-8.541, p=0.001) and self-directed learning ability (t=8.030, p=0.001) were significantly increased, and there was no significant difference in self-efficacy (t=1.190, p=0.239). According to the results of this study, by applying cooperative learning to theoretical subjects, it is possible to effectively improve the communication ability and self-directed learning ability lacking in nursing major students. KEY WORDS: Theory subjects, Cooperative learning, Communication ability, Self-directed learning ability, Self-efficacy
This study was designed to identify the degree of communication skills, empathy, and interpersonal relationship of nursing students, and to investigate the effect of communication skills and empathy on interpersonal relationship. It was found that interpersonal relationship among the major variables had a significant positive correlation with communication skills (r=0.645, p<0.001), empathy (r=0.524, p<0.001). The variables that significantly influence interpersonal relationships were aptitude, interest, communication skills, and empathy, of which explanatory ability was 50.1%, and this represented that communication skills and empathy were important variables in a medical environment requiring improvement of nursing students’ communication skills. Therefore, it’s necessary to encourage nursing students to actively participate in various projects conducted in both curriculum and extra-curriculum in order to improve their communication skills and empathy and to increase the interpersonal relationship of nursing students. Based on the results, the following suggestions are made. First, it is suggested to develop and apply curriculum and intervention programs to improve communication skills and interpersonal relationship in consideration of the characteristics of nursing students. Second, since the subjects were limited to nursing students in some regions, it is recommended to conduct repeated research by expanding the number of subjects and regions in order to generalize the results.
Korea faced an unprecedented crisis in infectious disease management system as the number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Korea soared in March 2020. It was difficult not only for the confirmed patients but also for the seriously ill patients to be assigned beds, so the Residential Treatment Centers were introduced under the concept of isolating and treating asymptomatic or mild patients without treating them in hospitals or self-isolation. In this study, we examined user analysis, legal basis, and operational problems, focusing on the operation of the Gyeonggi International 2 Residential Treatment Center (hereinafter referred to as Ansan Residential Center), which quarantined and treated people diagnosed with COVID-19 from overseas. From March 26 to May 13, 2020, for 49 days, 115 confirmed patients with “COVID-19” who were hospitalized at Ansan Residential Treatment Center were analyzed for their general characteristics and medical records including length of stay and treatment results. Major results showed that 56 people were diagnosed with complete recovery in the Residential Treatment Center, 26 were moved to other Residential Treatment Centers on demand and 28 were taken to other hospitals due to worsening health conditions. The operational problems of Ansan Residential Treatment Center were the lack of operating principles, a lack of skilled medical personnel, a long-term delay in payment of allowances for working applicants and a lack of medical video-related facilities. Through this study, we found that Residential Treatment Center can be a positive factor that prevents the spread of COVID-19 in Korea, but we raise the need to comprehensively analyze the performance of the treatment in Residential Treatment Centers at the national level.
This study evaluated the importance of biomedical laboratory science and clinical practice education subjects and investigated the appropriateness of the clinical practice period and timing. The survey was conducted from February 22 to May 27, 2021 and 151 professors and 150 clinical experts responded to the survey. Among 57 clinical practice subjects by field, the subjects with 4.5 or higher importance were 31 professors and 14 clinical experts. Three subjects in clinical chemistry, one in immunoserology, three in hematology, five in clinical physiology, and one in histocytology showed differences in importance between professors and clinical experts. Both professors and clinical experts answered the current 8 weeks of clinical practice is appropriate, it is appropriate to conduct practice during the winter vacation of the second year of the junior college (the winter vacation of the third year of the four-year university). In conclusion, there was a difference in the perception of clinical practice subjects that are considered important for each field of biomedical laboratory science between professors and clinical exerts. It is necessary to develop clinical practice standards by appropriately reflecting the school and clinical situation.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of trunk stability exercise used Happyback on static balance ability in college students in 20s. Thirty subjects participated in the experiment. Males and females were divided into 15 subjects in the experimental group and 15 subjects in the control group by random same ball selection. The experimental group applied the trunk stabilization exercise using the Happyback, and the control group applied the trunk stabilization exercise without the Happyback. The exercise program consisted of a total of 5 sets of balance support posture, left side plank posture, right side plank posture, bridge posture, and quadruped posture in a sitting state, and was performed 3 times a week for 4 weeks. The static balance index was measured with Tetrax, a posture measuring device. The subjects measured the static balance index before and after the experiment. The experimental group decreased in SS and WDI, but was not significant, increased significantly in force plate AB and force plate BD, and increased but not significant in force plate CD, force plate AC, force plate AD, and force plate BC. It is considered to prove that the static balance index improved when normal people performed trunk stabilization exercise using Happyback. In conclusion, Trunk stabilization exercise using Happy Bag is highly recommended as a new exercise method for static balance at home.
The aim of this study was to identify awareness, education needs, and performance confidence for carbapenem resistant enterobacteriaceae (CRE) infection control in undergraduate nursing students. A descriptive research was conducted with 229 junior nursing students in Jeollanam-do. The data were collected using self-report questionnaires. According to the results, the mean CRE awareness score was 87.0 points out of 100, the education needs for CRE infection control was 87.8 points out of 100, and the performance confidence for CRE infection control was 79.8 points out of 100. There was a positive relation among awareness, education needs, and performance confidence. Awareness independently accounted for 22.8% of performance confidence. The performance confidence for CRE infection control is required to prevent Multidrug Resistant Organisms (MDRO) infection. In order to enhance the infection control performance confidence, it is important to raise awareness about CRE infection control by providing education based on the principles of infection control.
The purpose of this study is to prevent diseases for non-infectious oral diseases by examining the sensitivity to infectious diseases and the avoidance of dental treatment. Sensitivity to infectious diseases, avoidance of dental care, depression of corona, and prevention of infectious diseases during the COVID-19 pandemic were investigated, over 20 years old and living in Daegu and Gyeongbuk province since October 2020. During the COVID-19 epidemic, the “non-sensitive group” scored 2.17 points (±0.89), the “intermediate interest group” scored 2.42 points (±0.79), and the “overall sensitive group” scored 2.73 points (±0.99). It was found that the more susceptible group to infectious disease, the higher the degree of avoidance of dental treatment. It is thought that dental workers should strive to lower the disease rate of non-infectious oral diseases by improving the dental visit rate through consideration for the sensitive group and thorough hygiene management. Dental medical personnels must thoroughly wash their hands, wear uniforms, wear personal protective equipment, and thoroughly clean and disinfect the interior of a dental clinic.
The purpose of this study was to clarify the effectiveness of radiation therapy and the effects of COVID-19 to the radiation therapy, which has been known as the main treatment modality of cancer treatment. For this, we reviewed the related articles among the COVID-19 studies that have been published since the development of COVID-19 in 2019. Specifically, we first reviewed the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the change to radiation therapy as a treatment modality for cancer treatment. Second, for the treatment of COVID-19 pneumonia, the role of radiation therapy was also reviewed and we tried to clarify the roles. Further, according to the evidence based-medicine in the near future, we expect the role of radiation therapy in the COVID-19 pandemic period.
Zerumbone이 마우스 비장 T세포의 유주와 증식에 미치는 영향
Zerumbone이 마우스 비장 T세포의 유주와 증식에 미치는 영향
문철(Moon, Cheol),김시현(Kim, Si Hyun),최화식(Choi, Hwa Sik),유성률(Yu, Sung Ryul)
한국보건기초의학회지 제14권 제2호/ 2021
103-107 (5 pages)
의약학>면역학
초록보기
Zerumbone is the main ingredient extracted from wild ginger Zingiber zermbet Smith. It is known that the root of ginger contains the most zerumbone. It has been reported to function in several biological environments, including tumors and inflammation. In addition, it is known to affect the functions of several types of cells, including immune cells. In this study, it was confirmed that the migration phenomenon induced by SDF-1α was inhibited by zerumbone using T cells isolated from mouse spleen. On the other hand, the proliferation of mouse T cells through antiCD3 and anti-CD28 antibodies was not affected by zerumbone. Zerumbone inhibited phosphorylation of Erk1/2 signaling protein induced by SDF1α. This result has the meaning of confir ming that the effect of zerumbone confirmed in T cell lines also occurs in physiological T cells, and more detailed biochemical and cytological mechanisms are needed.
전북 지역에서 채집한 모기 분포 및 밀도
전북 지역에서 채집한 모기 분포 및 밀도
정경아(Chung, KyoungA),서민영(Seo, MinYeung)
한국보건기초의학회지 제14권 제2호/ 2021
108-114 (7 pages)
의약학>면역학
초록보기
Following the increase of vector-borne infectious diseases due to climate change and international exchange, the study collected mosquitoes using BL and BG twice a month for nine months, from March to November 2019, at cattle sheds, habitats for migratory birds, and city centers, after which they were classified, identified, and checked for the presence of flavivirus by using real time RT-PCR in order to classify and identify the species of disease vector mosquitoes in the Jeonbuk, estimate their population, and investigate their regional distribution and the presence of viral pathogen infection. A total of 8,234 mosquitoes were collected, which were categorized as seven genera and twelve species. In terms of environment types, the highest number of mosquitoes – 3,884 (Trap Index 215.8) – were collected at the Wanju cattle shed. In terms of mosquito populations, Anopheles spp. was the dominant species with 2,538 mosquitoes (30.9%) collected. As the dominant species, Anopheles spp. mosquitoes were first collected in April, and the greatest numbers were collected in the order of July, August, and June, with numbers gradually decreasing starting in August. In terms of the mosquito species collected in each environment, Anopheles spp. mosquitoes were collected in cattle sheds, Aedes vexans mosquitoes were collected in habitats for migratory birds, and Culex pipiens pallens mosquitoes were collected in city centers, revealing a difference in the species of mosquitoes collected depending on the environmental characteristics. The collected mosquitoes were tested for flavivirus using real time RT-PCR, but all tests turned out negative. The results of the collection confirmed the habitation of mosquitoes related to vector-borne diseases, predicting further results if an abnormal climate further progresses. The study is also expected to be used as comprehensive pest control standards for future mosquitoes.
젊은 여성에서 물 섭취량에 따른 혈청 High-Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein 농도 변화
젊은 여성에서 물 섭취량에 따른 혈청 High-Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein 농도 변화
김현경(Kim, Hyun-Kyung),김병원(Kim, Byung-Won),이형선(Lee, Hyeong-Seon),조장은(Cho, Jang-Eun),권창오(Kweon, Chang-Oh),류재기(Ryu, Jae-Ki)
한국보건기초의학회지 제14권 제2호/ 2021
115-121 (7 pages)
의약학>면역학
초록보기
Water is essential for life; however, little is known about the precise amount of water intake that is beneficial for cardiovascular health. This study aimed to determine the impact of water intake amounts on cardiovascular disease (CVD) predictors. We reviewed 40 healthy women and divided them into four groups as follows: control, 1-L, 1.5-L, and 2-L water intake. The participants consumed the indicated amount of water daily. After 2 weeks, we evaluated the participants for changes in physiological conditions and CVD predictors. There was a significant decrease in waist circumference (WC) in all water intake groups except control group. The experiment showed no significant difference in the participants’ blood cell count; however, reduced mean platelet volume was observed in the 2-L intake group. Regarding lipid profiles, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels increased significantly in the 2-L intake group. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels decreased significantly in the 2-L intake group. Consuming >2 L of water daily may be more effective than consuming <2 L of water daily to reduce the risk of CVD. Therefore, this study suggests that drinking 2 L of water or more daily can help maintain a healthy life and prevent the onset of diseases in adults.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of diaphragm respiration exercise on vital capacity and maximum voluntary ventilation in subjects with mild intellectual disabilities in their 20s. 10 people in the experimental group and 10 people in the control group participated in the experiment. The experimental group performed diaphragmatic breathing exercises for 4 weeks, 5 days a week, and 30 minutes a day, and the control group performed stationary bicycle exercise for 4 weeks, 5 days a week, and 30 minutes a day. The subjects measured voluntary capacity and maximal voluntary ventilation using Fitmate (COSMED Sri, Italy) before and after the experiment. Data analysis was performed with SPSS win 18.0. Subjects were assessed with vital capacity and maximal voluntary ventilation before and after the test and the results were compared with the paired t-test. After the experiment, the vital capacity and maximum voluntary ventilation were significantly improved in the experimental group than before the experiment. Through this study, it can be suggested as a new breathing exercise for subjects with intellectual disabilities in their 20s.
미숙아로 태어난 첫 자녀를 둔 아버지의 역할
미숙아로 태어난 첫 자녀를 둔 아버지의 역할
정서혜(Chung, Seo Hye),윤신애(Yoon, Shin Ae),정승은(Chung, Seung Eun)
한국보건기초의학회지 제14권 제2호/ 2021
128-136 (9 pages)
의약학>면역학
초록보기
To understand the role experiences of fathers with premature infants is needed as the father’s roles are changing in our society. The purpose of this study is to explore intrinsic theme and meaning of the role experiences of fathers whose first child was born premature. This phenomenological research was processed in the form of in-depth interviews with the fathers until the data is saturated. The analysis of collected data used 7 steps according to Colaizzi (1978). The results were as follows: The role experiences of fathers who first child was born premature infant displayed three themes: ‘the emotions which began after becoming the father of a premature infant’, ‘taking responsibility in caring the infant and the wife’ and ‘leading the family as the center of a family with positive mind set.’ This study was focused on the role experiences of the fathers who first child was born premature using phenomenological analysis method and will provide basic data in developing nursing intervention for effective role performance of the fathers with premature infant.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of incentive spirometer breathing exercise on pulmonary function and quality of life in the elderly with mild cognitive impairment. To achieve this goal, this study selected 15 elderly with mild cognitive impairment. Subjects carried out incentive spirometer breathing exercise be composed of exhalation and inhalation breathing exercise for 6 set, 5 times per week for 5 weeks. Subjects were assessed pulmonary function(FVC, FEV1, PEF) using spirometer and quality of life using GQOL-D at pre and post. In pulmonary function test, the post outcome was significantly increased than the pre outcome (p<0.05). In quality of life evaluation, the post outcome was increased than pre outcome. The result of this study show that the incentive spirometer breathing exercise may be appropriate for improving the pulmonary function and quality of life in the elderly with mild cognitive impairment.
The purpose of this study was to apply video self-modeling training and action observation training to stroke patients and to investigate the effectiveness of the two different trainings on balance and gait. After random arrangement of 12 people in the video self-modeling training group and 12 people in the action observation training group for stroke patients, each walking-related video was observed for 5 minutes and then 20 minutes of related physical training was performed 3 times a week for 4 weeks before and after the intervention. As a result, there was a statistically significant difference in the TUG of the video self-modeling training group before and after the intervention in the video self-modeling training group and the action observation training group, and there was no statistically significant difference between the groups. The result of this study is that video self-modeling training and action observation training are intervention methods that have a positive effect on the balance and gait of stroke patients. It is considered that various studies on video self-modeling training are needed in the future.
The purpose of this study was to investigate band resistance exercise and circuit exercise program for 12 weeks to elderly women with osteopenia affects the body composition and bone mineral density. An experiment was conducted on 12 elderly women diagnosed with osteopenia. Band resistance exercise and circuit exercise program were conducted 3 times a week, 60 minutes per session, for 12 weeks, band resistance exercise and circuit exercise program consisted of warm-up activity, band resistance exercise 20 minutes, rest, circuit exercise 20 minutes, and finishing exercise. For evaluation of body composition, muscle mass, body fat percentage, and body mass index were measured, and bone mineral density was measured. In body composition, there was a significant difference in muscle mass at the 12th week of the experiment (p<0.05), and a significant difference in body fat percentage at the 12th week of the experiment (p<0.05). Also, there was a significant difference in body mass index at 12 weeks (p<0.05). However, although there was a tendency to increase in bone mineral density, there was no significant difference (p>0.05) It was found that the band resistance exercise and circuit exercise program are an effective therapeutic intervention method to improve the body composition and bone mineral density in elderly women with osteopenia.
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect on the temporal-spatial parameters and timed up and go tests with or without customized insoles for spastic cerebral palsy with Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) leves (I and II). GAITRite system was measured to temporal-spatial gait pareameters and gait speed were measured with time up and go test (TUG). Participants were 19 subjects diagnosed cerebral palsy and the statistical method was paired t-test. The results showed a significant decrease in walking tests after wearing before wearing the insole, and significant changes velocity, TUG, step length, stride length, single support Rt, double support, stance Lt (p< 0.05), but step time, cycle time, single support Lt, stance Rt did no differ significantly (p> 0.05). As a result, if a significant change occurs in the walking speed, temporal-spatial parameters and the difficulty of walking due to various foot deformations, it has a positive effect on walking by wearing a patient-specific insole.
This study aims to investigate the knowledge, attitude toward and perceived risk of COVID-19 in clinical laboratory science students. This study also attempts to identify the factors influencing the performance of infection prevention behavior. From October 1st to October 30th, 2021, a face-to-face survey was conducted on the students in the Department of Clinical Laboratory Science. A total of 150 students participated in this study. There was a higher percentage of female students (86.7%) than male students (13.3%). For data analysis, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA analysis, Pearson’s correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis were used. The percentage of correct answers in relation to knowledge about COVID-19 was 88.5%. In response to the questions about attitude towards COVID-19, the result was 73.8 points (mean). As for the questions about risk perception the result was 35 points (mean). When it came to the question about prevention behavior the result was 80.7%. It was confirmed that the preventative behavior for COVID-19 did not significantly correlate with knowledge of COVID-19 (r=0.040, p=0.629) and had a significant net correlation with attitude toward and perceived risk of COVID-19 (r=0.291, p<0.001). A stepwise multiple regression analysis was conducted by adding attitude toward and perceived risk of COVID-19 to the correlation analysis, where factors such as current year of study, living status, and college life satisfaction were first encountered. It was concluded that living status (β=0.25, p=0.003), current year of study (β=0.17 and p=0.037), and attitude toward and perceived risk of COVID-19 (β=0.19, p=0.019) were significant. The results of this study can be used as data for future clinical laboratory science students as well as the prevention of COVID-19 infection. These results can also be used for education on new infectious diseases and the development of COVID-19 infection prevention programs.
The purpose of this study was to identify the intention to use of virtual reality-based education program for the nursing student on extended technology acceptance model. The data were collected 100 nursing students from January to February, 2021. According to the results, the mean perceived usefulness score was 3.92 points out of 5, perceived enjoyment was 3.81 points out of 5, and intention of use was 3.89 points out of 5. There was a positive relation among perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, personal innovation, perceived enjoyment, and intention to use. The explaining 70.9% of the variance, and the influence the intent to use a virtual reality-based education program for the nursing student is perceived usefulness, and perceived enjoyment. Therefore, it is considered that technology development these factors will be necessary for nursing student to increase the intent to use of virtual reality-based nursing clinical education program. This study is meaningful in that it has identified the degree of intent to use and influencing factors of virtual reality devices for nursing student. This study could be used as basic data for the development of technologies for virtual reality-based nursing education program.
This study is a descriptive research study conducted to compare the satisfaction of students’ clinical and classroom practice with paramedic students to the COVID-19 situation and to come up with an improvement plan. The data was collected by sending a link address to Kakao Talk with the cooperation of the heads of 6 emergency and Jeolla-do province with the tool used by Choi (2020). The analysis results are as follows. The clinical practice scored 4.11 points out of 5, and the substitute for classroom practice scored 3.52 points, indicating a high level of satisfaction with clinical practice. According to the characteristics, there were significant differences in academic system, health status, desired career path after graduation, major satisfaction, and practice type. The experience of the paramedic students job according to the type of practice was 2.22 points out of 3 for clinical practice, which was higher than the average score of 1.89 points for classroom practice. In the case of clinical practice, the average score was 2.30, which was higher than the average score of 2.19, but there was no significant difference. In conclusion, the in-school practice felt by college students paramedic students had lower satisfaction with the practice and less work experience than the clinical practice.
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