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사회언어학

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The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea 25(3). 165~197. The purpose of this study is to examine extralinguistic factors that influence vowel raising of /o/ in constituent-final -ko and -to in Seoul Korean, focusing mainly on the influence of social variations and stylistic variations on this phenomenon. The Sociolinguistic interview data showed that older speakers used the most raised variant of /o/ in the AP-medial position, which is evidence for age-grading for the following reasons: (i) the linguistic marketplace, which is an important concept in age-grading, supports this idea because older people use the non-standard form of /o/, which is the raised variant, after they leave the workforce, and (ii) the unraised variant does not push out the raised variant, but rather, they co-exist. In addition, stylistic variations related to the formality of the speech setting and the solidarity between interactants affect the vowel, leading to vowel raising (i) in casual speech situation and (ii) in interaction with an addressee with whom the speaker is intimate; these trends are especially salient for younger speakers.
This paper attempts to engage in the body of Hallyu research through a sociolinguistic lens. As a case of analysis, it explores the ways in which the Korean Wave shapes the process of relationship building between South Korean and other ethnic students during their overseas stay. Drawing data from an ethnographic fieldwork of international language learners studying English abroad, the paper reports that, with the global popularity of Hallyu, K-pop serves as an interactional resource in intercultural communication. In particular, Korean students find that it helps them to build friendships with Latin American students, whom they perceive as culturally distinctive interlocutors. The following analysis of interactions between one Brazilian and two Korean male students in a leisurely activity shows that the Korean students are positioned as authentic bearers of K-pop culture in social interactions. In addition, the international students share evaluations of K-pop stars and songs, and stage performances of singing and dancing together, thus leading to jocular and light-hearted atmospheres. However, it suggests that as their K-pop talks involve gendered images and representations of female idol stars, their interactions lead to reproducing “sexy” and “cute” images of K-pop femininity.
취재 기자의 언어 사용 특징
취재 기자의 언어 사용 특징
전혜영(Jeon Hye Young),오선혜(Oh Seon Hye)
사회언어학 제25권 3호/ 2017
231-258 (28 pages)
어문학>언어학
초록보기
This research aims to collect the social dialects used in the press society, to describe its meaning, and to analyze the morphemes of lexical forms and phrases. As a result of this work, we can document unrecorded lexical forms and phrases from a linguistic point of view, and answer the question on characteristics of journalism language. Most prior research on social disalects focused on the language of hierarchies, generations and races. However further research should be conducted on lexical forms and phrases per the occupation. We collected data by conducting personal interviews from November 2016 to March 2017. We had one hours interviews with 10 respondents who were working as reporters at Chosun Biz, Joongang Ilbo, Hankook Ilbo, JTBC, MBC, and Yonhap News. The collected variants were divided into three categories according to the usage method and described lexical meaning. Then, later we found lexical and pragmatic peculiarities of a social dialect such as abbreviations, loan words, compounds, duplicity, metaphoric expression and high context. This information will likely impact linguistics and journalism. It will be possible to purify Korean language and to unify the meanings of commonly used terms.
This paper investigates the sociolingustic variation of Korean plain-style interrogative markers -nya and -ni among the younger generation, from the viewpoint of indexicality. We adopted an experimental and a corpus-based analyses for this purpose. The experiment was a context-based acceptability judgement task with a 7-point Likert scale, and the corpus was collected from a synchronous computer-mediated communication, particularly from Kakao Talk, the most popular mobile instant messaging application in Korea. The experimental results show that women use -ni more than men, and the frequency of -nya forms increases when the addressee is male. The corpus results show that the females speak more politely to the females than to the males. We posit that the direct indexical meaning of -nya is ’intimacy’ and ’authoritativeness’, but -ni has the affective stance. In general, women are concerned abocut affective aspects of interaction. Because of these factors, -nya and -ni are gendered indirectly.
The Purpose of this paper is to draw a blueprint for the standardization policy of South Korean and North Korean terminology at the time of reunification of two Koreas. Firstly, this paper examines the necessity of South Korean and North Korean terminology standardization and seeks the future direction of standardization. Then, the objects, principles, system, and procedure of standardization enforcement are discussed, specifically focussing on the terms that are urgently standardized at the time of reunification, namely administrative terms(as public language and terminology) and educational terms(concluding vocabulary in subject and vocabulary of instruction). Finally, this paper concludes by proposing two supporting systems for the South Korean and North Korean terminology standardization. These two supporting systems, that is, the committee for terminology standardization and the on-line management system for terminology standardization, consider efficiency of policy and domain expertise.
This study aims at identifying the international students attitudes towards English change as per their Korean skills after learning English over one semester. Sixty international students, who consisted of three groups as per their Korean skills, participated in the questionnaire survey at the beginning stage of the class. After one semester, the same questionnaire was given to the participants. Two questionnaire surveys showed similar results: the participants with a higher level of Korean skills demonstrated more favorable attitudes towards English and were less fearful in learning English, compared to those with a lower level of Korean skills. The attitude changes were also different as per the Korean skills: when compared to the attitudes at the beginning, while the participants with a higher level of Korean skills changed more favorably towards learning English, the participants with a lower level of Korean skills showed no attitude changes or picked up less favorable attitudes, and their fear about learning English rather increased. This study implies that English learning may improve English skills for the international students with a higher level of Korean skills but does not affect those with a lower level of Korean skills.
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