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The International Review of Financial Consumers(IRFC)

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In this paper we develop an analytical framework using the household utility maximization approach to model stability conditions to avoid household debt overhang. Our theoretical framework suggests that household debt stability is a function of five factors, namely the rate of interest, period of lending, income growth, loan-to-income ratio, and households’ disutility from borrowing. Further, we apply our analytical model to the case of India and estimate household debt stability conditions for Indian households under various scenarios to estimate the ceiling borrowing ratios below which households can avoid the risk of running into a debt overhang problem.
Credit rationing through borrowing constraints has long been an important research topic in the literature, in the context of managing financial risks (i.e., financial stability) as well as of expanding financial service to more marginal borrower segments (i.e., financial inclusion). This study empirically investigates the role of borrowing constraints in the residential mortgage lending sector in Korea, by utilizing a discrete tenure choice model to test the constraining effects of two particular lending restrictions on households’ home owning decisions - the wealth and income constraints as measured by the maximum loan-to-value (LTV) ratio and that of debt-to-income (DTI) ratio. Using the household-level micro data from Korea, we report that: the lending restrictions exhibit negative effects on the propensity to own; those constraining effects are also shown to increase for younger borrower cohorts; and, the magnitude of the effect of wealth constraint is larger than that of the income constraint, which is consistent with the findings from the prior studies. Using the empirical findings, we discuss policy implications of relevancy, in particular, as to how to balance between two often competing policy objectives - ensuring financial stability and extending financial inclusion - in the context of the residential mortgage lending sector in Korea.
Credible or Biased? An Analysis of Insurance Product Ratings in Germany
Credible or Biased? An Analysis of Insurance Product Ratings in Germany
Patricia A. Born,Stephanie Mü,ller,Sharon Tennyson
The International Review of Financial Consumers, Volume.5 Issue.1/ 2020
25-39 (15 pages)
경제경영>경제학
초록보기
Instruments such as product ratings can help to overcome information asymmetries in retail financial markets. However, the capacity of ratings to promote market transparency and consumer awareness depends critically on whether they are credible. This article provides an empirical investigation of insurance product ratings in Germany, with an emphasis on the potential sources of bias that could undermine rating credibility. The analysis employs a panel dataset containing ratings for disability insurance products from two rating agencies over a 15-year period. Using the existing literature as a guide, we test a series of hypotheses regarding factors that may explain the variation in rating outcomes over time and across rating agencies. Our results suggest no major concerns regarding the credibility of insurance product ratings.
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