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한국사회복지조사연구

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전체선택 Endnote Refworks
After long debates together with several movements to pursue the equity of health system for over decades, Korea and Thailand achieved health care policy reforms in the early 2000s. These reforms brought the significant policy changes to their social welfare systems, particularly transforming their health care to be more inclusive and equitable. Although most past literature on health reforms prefers explaining the process with either institutional analysis or policy process model, both approaches capture mainly the roles and interactions among involved actors, ignoring the contextual factors propelling such reforms, not to mention the inclination to focus on similarities in existing comparative studies. Therefore, this study adopted the Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF) to explain how the policy changes happening in these two countries in the wake of financial crisis, aiming at highlighting some differences in the process that resulted in different outputs and outcomes. The findings showed that although the ACF is applicable to explain the process of health policy reforms in cases of Korea and Thailand, it is not sufficient to elucidate the policy process under the policy subsystems: different combinations of advocacy coalitions and reform opponents that truly determined the intensity of policy reform in both countries.
Preferred Neighborhood Features and Quality of Life among Older Adults
Preferred Neighborhood Features and Quality of Life among Older Adults
Ko Jung Eun(고정은),Lee Sun Hae(이선혜),Lee Minhong(이민홍)
한국사회복지조사연구 56권/ 2018
27-49 (23 pages)
사회과학>사회복지학
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This study recruited sixty-five individuals aged 65 and over living in Seoul, Korea and conducted a face-to-face interview using a semi-structured questionnaire. They were asked mainly to list what they considered to be the three most important features that a neighborhood should have for its older residents. A thematic analysis was conducted on the transcribed interview data with a focus on the preferred features of a neighborhood and the related specifics that the respondent thought would improve the quality of life in older adults. Four features were identified: healthcare facilities and services, spaces and facilities for wellbeing routines, senior programs and services, and public transportation services. These features were closely related to themes in health, psychological, interpersonal, and socialization areas of life. Expected benefits from the features in these areas were then converged into higher level themes of independence and connectivity. Increased accessibility with the minimal cost was the most commonly found theme across the four features listed above. These findings are significant in highlighting the perspectives of the older adults on a quality life in later years, which can be used to design and improve the local neighborhoods to make them more aging-friendly.
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of child abuse and neglect on violence against teachers, through the mediating effect of school adjustment. Data were collected through a survey of 2,144 students from 8 middle schools and 13 high schools that agreed to participate out of 21 schools randomly selected from 21 school districts in Korea. Path analysis and bootstrapping method were used for analyses. The results show that 24.7% of the adolescents reported having experienced violence against teachers, and that school adjustment has a complete mediating effect between child abuse/neglect and violence against teachers. Based on these results, this study suggests interventions for child abuse and neglect and for school adjustment. Moreover, it proposes a management system for violence against teachers and a systemic intervention for adolescents who are using violence against teachers.
This study problematizes the lack of appropriate action by Korean Social security system against the increasing social risks of middle- and old-aged self-employed workers, analyzing the distinctive characteristics of their working history from wage workers, as well as their effect on the risk of zero or low pension benefits. This research follows the definition of self-employed by Economically Active Population Survey in Statistics Korea. Targeting those who have experienced self-employment at least once over their lifetime according to the working history data in Korean Retirement and Income Study. For analysis of their enrollment and Receiving National Pension, working history, this study utilizes descriptive statistics, t-test, chi-square test, and binary logistic regression. The result shows that factors such as gender, age, marital status, home ownership, industries (whether in accommodation and restaurants or agriculture and fishing), and income levels are the common variables that affect the likelihood of enrollment and Receiving National pension. In the case of working history, the focus of this research, those who have experience in permanent worker displayed higher likelihood of enrollment, while those who had been temporary and daily workers were less likely to receive. In other words, the differences in their working history lead to significant gaps in the rate of enrollment and Receiving national pension, which derives from the instability and low-income levels of the self-employed. Based on the findings of this study, a protective measure is urgently necessary to alleviate such social risks. We suggest extending the current social insurance subsidies (offered to low-income wage workers, agriculture, and fishing industries) to the low-income self-employed workers who earn less than 40 million won, and gradually expanding to those lower than the 80 million won mark.
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