교보문고 SCHOLAR 스콜라
이 자료는 국가지식 연계기관과의 협약에 따라 무료로 제공됩니다.
원문을 이용하시기 위해서는 연계기관의 정책을 따르고 있으니
궁금하신 사항은 연계기관을 통해 문의하시기 바랍니다.
곧 연계기관으로 이동합니다
본문내용 바로가기
홈 > 간행물 권호
  • 발행기관: 물리치료재활과학회
  • 간행물:
  • 권/호:

Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science

  • 발행기관 : 물리치료재활과학회(Korean Academy of Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science)
  • 출처구분 : 학회
  • 간행물유형 : 학술저널
  • 발행주기 : 계간 (발행월:3,6,9,12)
  • Print ISSN : 2287-7576
  • Online ISSN : 2287-7584
  • 등재정보 : KCI 등재
Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science
검색결과 =
20
Effects of pressure biofeedback application location for subjects with lumbar instability on pelvic rotation and hip joint abductor muscle activity during the Clam exercise.
Effects of pressure biofeedback application location for subjects with lumbar instability on pelvic rotation and hip joint abductor muscle activity during the Clam exercise.
최용길(Yonggil Choi);이상열(Sangyeol Lee)
물리치료재활과학회 / Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science 제10권 제2호 / 2021 / 90-97 (8 pages)
의약학>재활의학 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 물리치료학
초록보기
Objective: The purpose of this study was to find out how the back instability during clam exercise (CE) causes changes in pelvicrotation and hip joint abductor muscle activity, and to find out the effects with different methods of application of pressurebiofeedback. Design: Comparative study using repeated measures. Methods: Each subjects performed the clam exercise (CE) without pressure biofeedback, the clam exercise with pressurebiofeedback applied to the back (CE-PBU to back), and the clam exercise with pressure biofeedback applied to the side (CE-PBUto side). The amount of pelvic rotation was measured using myomotion. And the muscle activity of the muscle gluteus medius andthe tensor fasciae latae was measured using EMG device. One-way repeated measures ANOVA followed by the Bonferroni posttest were used to compare the EMG activity in each muscle and pelvic rotation angle during the CE, CE-PBU to back, CE-PBU toside. Results: The amounts of pelvic rotation was the lowest in CE-PBU to back (p< 0.05) and the ratio of muscle activity of the musclegluteus / tensor fasciae latae was the highest in CE-PBU to back (p< 0.05). Conclusions: It is thought that, in order to stabilize the waist-pelvis and increase hip joint muscle strength in subjects with backinstability, applying clam exercise with pressure biofeedback applied to the lower back is effective in improving waist-pelvicmovements and selectively strengthening the muscle gluteus medius.
Comparative Study of the Biomechanical Factors in Range of Motion, Muscle Activity, and Vertical Ground Reaction Force between a Forward Lunge and Backward Lunge
Comparative Study of the Biomechanical Factors in Range of Motion, Muscle Activity, and Vertical Ground Reaction Force between a Forward Lunge and Backward Lunge
박삼호(Samho Park);TianZong Huang;송준영(Junyoung Song);이명모(Myungmo Lee)
물리치료재활과학회 / Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science 제10권 제2호 / 2021 / 98-105 (8 pages)
의약학>재활의학 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 물리치료학
초록보기
Objective: The purpose of this study was to examined the kinematic relationship and differences through the range of motion (ROM),muscle activity, and vertical ground reaction force (VGRF) during forward and backward lunge movements, which are effective inimproving muscle strength and balance ability of the lower extremities, and to provide clinical information on more efficient lungemovements. Design: Cross-sectional studyMethods: Fifteen adult males who met the selection criteria were tested for their dominant feet.Forward and backward lunges werethen performed, and the ROM, muscle activity, and VGRF were measured for kinematic analysis during the lunge movement.Thedifferences betweenthe forward lunge and backward lunge intervention were examined using a paired t-test. Results: A significant increase in the ROM of the knee and ankle was observed during the forward and backward lunges (p<0.05). In addition, in terms of the muscle activity, the peak values of the vastus medialis oblique (VMO) and VGRF also showed a significant increase in the forward lunge compared to the backward lunge (p<0.05). Conclusions: This study showed an increase in VGRF peak value, knee and ankle ROM, and VMO muscle activity duringforward lunge. Based on these results, it is considered necessary to apply differently depending on the direction of progress inconsideration of the musculoskeletal situation and physical ability during the lunge movement.
The Effect of Stabilization Exercise using Tele-rehabilitaion on Muscle Activity, Shoulder Pain and Disability Index in Rural Elderly People with Chronic Shoulder Pain
The Effect of Stabilization Exercise using Tele-rehabilitaion on Muscle Activity, Shoulder Pain and Disability Index in Rural Elderly People with Chronic Shoulder Pain
김재운(Jaewoon Kim)
물리치료재활과학회 / Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science 제10권 제2호 / 2021 / 106-111 (6 pages)
의약학>재활의학 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 물리치료학
초록보기
Objective: This study covered the effect of stabilization exercise on muscle activity, shoulder painanddisability index(SPADI)oftheelderly people with chronic shoulder pain by tele-rehabilitation village hall in rural area. Design: A randomized controlled trial. Methods: The study subjects are 29 elders with chronic shoulder pain aged over 65-year-old who reside in the rural area (experimental group: 14 elders and control group: 15). The elderly people in the experimental group were asked to perform shoulder stabilization exercise 60 minutes per one time for 4weeks and three times in a week and the others in the control group were asked to receive education related to pain management forthe initial one time. Before and after the experiment, we measured the subjects’ muscle activity of upper trapezius, serratus anteriorand the lower trapezius. In addition, SPADI is measured through the questionnaire. Results: Compared to the control group, the experimental group showed significant differences in the muscle activity of the threemuscles (upper trapezius, serratus anterior, lower trapezius), and SPADI. Conclusions: It is found that shoulder stabilization exercise is effective in muscleactivity, pain and ability of the elderly peoplethrough tele-rehabilitation service. This study should be used for improving the quality of the elderly people’s lives through activetele-rehabilitation service for areas where have poor medical benefits.
Effects of Skin Mobilization on Pain and Joint Range Improvement in Patients with Axillary Web Syndrome: A Single Case Report
Effects of Skin Mobilization on Pain and Joint Range Improvement in Patients with Axillary Web Syndrome: A Single Case Report
최수홍(Suhong Choi);이상열(Sangyeol Lee)
물리치료재활과학회 / Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science 제10권 제2호 / 2021 / 112-115 (4 pages)
의약학>재활의학 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 물리치료학
초록보기
Objective: This study was conducted to apply skin mobilization to patients with Axillary web syndrome following breast cancer resection and to see the resulting changes in pain and joint range of motion. Design: Single case study,pre-post comparison. Methods: The subject was a female patient in her 40s who performed a mastectomy after being diagnosed with breast cancer, andthen complained of uncomfortable pain from the shoulder joint to the axilla and limited range of motion. To implement a skinmobilization, the palms were adhered to the inner half of the arm, the arms were raised to a pain-free extent, and skin mobilization was performed. The skin was pulled in the direction of axilla and kept for 5 seconds 10 times for a total of 2 sets. Immediatechanges in range of motion and pain were identified. Results: Following skin mobilization, there was an immediate increase in range of motion (pre 116°, post 140°) and a decrease inpain (NRS pre 5, post 2). And also uncomfortable pain, which is hard to define in words, also seems to have improved. Conclusions: Skin mobilization, which considers skin mobility for patients with Axillary web syndrome, can be considered forimproving range of motion and restoring function in patients with pain due to fibrous bands around veins and lymphatic vessels,and is recommended as a new intervention method not used as a conventional treatment.
Immediate Effects of Moving Myofascial Decompression Therapy for Young Adults with Nonspecific Neck Pain
Immediate Effects of Moving Myofascial Decompression Therapy for Young Adults with Nonspecific Neck Pain
민가윤(Kayoon Min);김남우(Namwoo Kim);이용우(Yongwoo Lee)
물리치료재활과학회 / Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science 제10권 제2호 / 2021 / 116-123 (8 pages)
의약학>재활의학 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 물리치료학
초록보기
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of myofascial decompressiontherapy using moving suction on body temperature, pain, neck disability index, and cervical rotation for young adult with nonspecific neck pain. Design: Two-group pretest-posttest design. Methods: The subjects were randomly assigned 22 patients with chronic cervical pain who met the study conditions to theexperimental group (n=11) and the control group (n=11). In the experimental group, the myofascial decompressiontherapy (MDT) was performed for 10 minutes using moving suction withnegative 15 mmHg pressure from the insertion to the origin of the uppertrapezius muscle, while the control group without negative pressure. In order to investigate the effects of the intervention, an infrared thermometer, a visual analogue scale, neck disability index, and goniometer were used. Results: As a result of comparing the pre- and post- changes in each group according to the intervention, skin temperature, pain,neck disability index, and cervical rotation in both the experimental and control groups were significantly improved (p<0.05). Comparison of pre- and post- changes between the experimental and control groups showed significant differences for pain andcervical rotation (p<0.05), but no significant difference was found in the body temperature and neck disability index. Conclusions: Based on the results, MDT using moving suction was effective in reducing pain and increasing of cervical rotationfor young adult with nonspecific neck pain.
A Study on the Perception of Personal Mobility Vehicle for the Improvement of Pedestrian Environment for the Disabled
A Study on the Perception of Personal Mobility Vehicle for the Improvement of Pedestrian Environment for the Disabled
이주형(Joohyung Lee);이규일(Kyooil Lee)
물리치료재활과학회 / Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science 제10권 제2호 / 2021 / 124-133 (10 pages)
의약학>재활의학 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 물리치료학
초록보기
Objective: In order to secure the right to walk for the weak, such as the disabled, this study aims to suggest ways to improve thepedestrian environment by identifying factors that cause obstacles to walking. Design: Data Analysis and Perception Survey. Methods: The questionnaire was conducted separately between users of personal mobility vehicle and non-users. A total of 207effective questionnaires were collected, and the analysis analyzed the perception of personal mobility vehicle by conductingfrequency analysis using SAS 9.4. The survey focused on basic information on respondents, walking conditions, understanding ofpersonal mobility vehicle, awareness of pedestrian space passage and parking, and awareness of the possibility of securingpedestrian rights due to new regulations. Results: First, when moving a pedestrian path by personal mobility vehicle, it shall be limited to less than the walking speed ofpedestrians. Second, the parking location of the personal mobility vehicle is located at the boundary of the pedestrian road and thelane. Third, pay a fair price to park in a pedestrian space. Conclusions: It is necessary to improve the system to strengthen the contents of education to take into account the safety ofpedestrians in education on how to use personal mobility vehicle.
The Effect of Upper Cervical Manipulation on Autonomic Nervous System in Young Healthy Individuals
The Effect of Upper Cervical Manipulation on Autonomic Nervous System in Young Healthy Individuals
이승구(Seunggu Lee);이용우(Yongwoo Lee)
물리치료재활과학회 / Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science 제10권 제2호 / 2021 / 134-140 (7 pages)
의약학>재활의학 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 물리치료학
초록보기
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the alteration of upper cervical manipulation to autonomic nervous system(ANS) through the heart rate variability(HRV) analysis in young healthy individuals. Design: Two-group pretest-posttest design. Methods: Thirty four young healthy participants (17 males and 17 females) were randomized into the 2 groups, such as the uppercervical manipulation group (UCM group, n=17), neck stretching group (NS group, n=17). UCM group received a upper cervicalmanipulation, especially on the atlas, and NS group did stretch for both side of upper trapezius and levator scapular. For the UCM,Atlas mobility was checked by therapist and thrust was given once at the posterior arch of Atlas. HRV was measured before andafter intervention to investigate ANS alteration. After the intervention, both groups were given 3 minutes break-time beforemeasuring HRV. Results: The UCM group showed significant differences in ANS Activity, Stress Resistance, Stress index and Fatigue Index (p<0.05) while no differences in NS group with before and after intervention. There were significant differences in ANS Activity,Stress Resistance, and Fatigue Index between groups (p<0.05). Conclusions: This study suggected that upper cervical manipulationhas positive effects on the ANS activity, stress resistance, andfatigue index.
The Effect of Manual Lymphatic Drainage on the Stress and Pain in Patient with Postoperative Breast Cancer
The Effect of Manual Lymphatic Drainage on the Stress and Pain in Patient with Postoperative Breast Cancer
고민균(Mingyun Ko)
물리치료재활과학회 / Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science 제10권 제2호 / 2021 / 141-146 (6 pages)
의약학>재활의학 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 물리치료학
초록보기
Objective: This study was at investigated the effects of manual lymphatic drainage (MLD) on stress and pain in patients withpostoperative breast cancer. Design: A randomized controlled trial. Methods: A total of twenty-two patients with postoperative breast cancer voluntarily participated in the study. Subjects were randomly assigned to the MLD groups (n=12) and rest groups (n=12). The intervention was conducted in each group for twentyminutes a day, five times a week, for four weeks. Before and after the intervention, the participants measured sympathetic nerve,parasympathetic nerve, and pain by using a sphygmograph and short-form McGill pain questionnaire.An independent t-test was used to analyze pretest and posttest changes between the groups, a paired t-test was used to analyze pre-posttests within eachgroup. Results: After analyzing, the MLD group has been shown a significant decrease in the sympathetic nervous system (p<0.05), a significant increase in the parasympathetic nervous system (p<0.05), and a significant increase in pain (p<0.05). However, therest group was no significant difference between pre and post. Conclusions: The results of this study confirmed that MLD techniques are an effective method in reducing stress and pain inpatients with postoperativebreast cancer. And it is thought that can be used as basic data and to develop programs on stress andpain management reduction for patients with breast cancer.
Effect of Therapeutic Feedback on Non-Face to Face Exercise for Forward Head Posture: Posture, Muscle Strength, Pressure pain Threshold
Effect of Therapeutic Feedback on Non-Face to Face Exercise for Forward Head Posture: Posture, Muscle Strength, Pressure pain Threshold
김예리(Yeri Kim);김가영(Gayoung Kim);김다예(Daye Kim);신혜리(Hyeri Shin);오성훈(Seonghoon Oh);유평화(Pyeonghwa Yu);정규상(Kyusang Jung);신원섭(Wonseob Shin)
물리치료재활과학회 / Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science 제10권 제2호 / 2021 / 147-155 (9 pages)
의약학>재활의학 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 물리치료학
초록보기
Objective: This study is to investigate the effect of real-time feedback from the therapist on posture, muscle strength, pain ofsubjects with forward head posture based on a non-face-to-face complex exercise program. Design: Two-group pretest-posttest design. Methods: Thirty healthy men and women in their twenties with forward head posture with a Craniovertebral angle of 52° or less were targeted, the final selection was made as 15 experimental groups who performed the non-face-to-face intervention programwhile receiving real-time feedback and 15 control subjects who performed the non-face-to-face intervention program withoutproviding feedback. Six of them were eliminated, and a total of 24 were conducted as subjects. All exercise groups performed an exercise program three times a week, 30 minutes each, for a total of two weeks. Before and after exercise, Craniovertebral angle(CVA), CranioRotation angle (CRA), muscle strength, and tenderness threshold were evaluated. Results: Significant differences were shown in both groups in CVA, and tenderness threshold before and after exercise (p<0.05),and CRA, the left middle trapezius muscle strength, only in the experimental group (p<0.05). In the comparison of theamount ofchange between exercise groups, the group that received feedback on CVA, CRA and tenderness threshold showed a significantchange than the group without feedback (p<0.05). Conclusions: As a result of this study, it can be seen that the therapist s real-time feedback is more effective in improving theforward head posture. This requires feedback from the therapist on posture correction during non-face-to-face exerciseintervention.
Effects of trunk Muscles Endurance, Hip Joint Muscular Strength, and Pelvic Alignment on Mild Low Back Pain
Effects of trunk Muscles Endurance, Hip Joint Muscular Strength, and Pelvic Alignment on Mild Low Back Pain
김원득(Wondeuk Kim);서미례(Miryea Seo);박동천(Dongchun Park);신두철(Doochul Shin)
물리치료재활과학회 / Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science 제10권 제2호 / 2021 / 156-160 (5 pages)
의약학>재활의학 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 물리치료학
초록보기
Objective: Low back pain easily becomes chronic and has a high recurrence rate. Therefore, it is most important to preventchronicity and reduce the risk of recurrence in the early stages of back pain or at the stage with mild pain. Therefore, this study was conducted to compare hip joint muscle strength, trunk muscle endurance, and pelvic alignment between subjects with mild lowback pain and subjects without back pain. Design: Crossed-sectional studyMethods: The study was conducted by recruiting 30 students in their twenties who are enrolled in K University in Gyeongsangnam-do,and classifying them into 15 patients with mild back pain and 15 patients with normal. The subjects who participated in theexperiment were measured for hip flexor and extensor muscle strength, trunk flexion and extension muscle endurance, and pelvicalignment. To measure hip joint muscle strength, biodex was used, and muscle endurance of the trunk was recorded at the endrange of the trunk flexion and extension. And pelvic alignment was measured using Formetric 4D. Results: There were no significant differences in hip joint muscle strength, pelvic alignment, and trunk extension muscleendurance. The retention time was found to be significantly shorter in the mild low back pain group than in the normal group fortrunk flexion muscle endurance. Conclusions: In the early stages of back pain or in the mild pain stage, training to increase muscle endurance of the flexor musclesmay be helpful.
Comparison of Vertical Ground Reaction Forces during Jump between Elderly and Young Adults using Nintendo Wii Balance Board
Comparison of Vertical Ground Reaction Forces during Jump between Elderly and Young Adults using Nintendo Wii Balance Board
임지영(Jiyoung Lim);유덕현(Deokhyeon Yu);김채영(Chaeyoung Kim);박대성(Daesung Park)
물리치료재활과학회 / Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science 제10권 제2호 / 2021 / 161-166 (6 pages)
의약학>재활의학 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 물리치료학
초록보기
Objective: The purpose of this study was to quantitatively evaluate the Wii Balance Board (WBB)-based jump performance forthe elderly and to confirm the difference in jump performance according to age. Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: 40 young adults (aged 22.5±2.2 years) and 33 elderly (aged 75.1±5.2 years) without orthopedics disease participated inthis study. Standing on the WBB then, with the signal “start,” jump vertically to the maximum height at which you can jump, land on the force plate after jump and keep it standing on both feet. All subjects were required to practice the jump sufficiently beforestarting the measurement, each measuring three times, and the mean values were used. A one-minute break was provided betweeneach trial. Evaluators waited within 1meter for every test to prepare for fall. Results: The vertical ground reaction force of elderly and young adults when jumping using WBB showed a significant difference(p<0.05) and demonstrated discriminant validity. Between two groups, there were significant differences in overall jump time (p<0.05), maximum value (p<0.05), minimum value (p<0.05), center of pressure (COP) pathlength (p<0.05), and flight time p<0.05). Conclusions: This study found that performing the vertical jump, the elderly showed longer jump time, lower vertical groundreaction force, COP pathlength and shorter flight phase than healthy young adults using WBB and demonstrated that as a measurement tool, WBB discriminated vertical jump performance between elderly and young adults.
The Immediate Effects of Single Leg Bridge Exercise on Abdominal Muscle Activity in Subacute Stroke Patients : a Preliminary Study
The Immediate Effects of Single Leg Bridge Exercise on Abdominal Muscle Activity in Subacute Stroke Patients : a Preliminary Study
김호영(Hoyoung Kim);박찬범(Chanbum Park);방수용(Sooyong Bang);장호영(Hoyoung Jang);김용주(Yongju Kim);이석민(Sukmin Lee)
물리치료재활과학회 / Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science 제10권 제2호 / 2021 / 167-174 (8 pages)
의약학>재활의학 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 물리치료학
초록보기
Objective: Single leg bridge exercise (SLBE) improves trunk muscle activation and provides muscle stability by aligning jointsrelated to posture. This preliminary study aimed to investigate the effects of SLBE on abdominal muscle activation in subacutestroke patients. Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: Fifteen subacute stroke patients (9 males, 6 females) voluntarily participated in this study. SLBE was performed on theaffected side. Each individual patient performed an SLBE ten times in three sets and was asked to hold their position for 5 s. Muscles activity was recorded using a surface electromyography (EMG) system before and after the SLBE. A surface EMGsystem was used to analyze the muscle activity during general bridge exercise, including the rectus abdominis (RA), internaloblique (IO), and external oblique (EO) abdominal muscles. Results: Muscle activity of both EO and IO on the affected side significantly increased (p<0.05), whereas the muscle activity ofthe RA and the three muscles on the unaffected side did not show a significant difference. In addition, improvement in muscleasymmetry of the EO and IO showed a significant change after SLBE (p<0.05). Conclusions: SLBE is effective in activating the abdominal muscles of stroke patients on the affected side and is a helpfulexercise intervention that activates the muscles to transform asymmetric abdominal muscles into symmetric patterns.
Effects of Red Ginseng on Exercise Capacity and Peripheral Fatigue in Mice
Effects of Red Ginseng on Exercise Capacity and Peripheral Fatigue in Mice
김대현(Daehyun Kim);이병관(Byounggwan Lee);김희진(Heejin Kim);김미경(Mikyung Kim)
물리치료재활과학회 / Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science 제10권 제2호 / 2021 / 175-184 (10 pages)
의약학>재활의학 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 물리치료학
초록보기
Objective: Fatigue can decrease both quality of life and work efficiency. Ginseng is one of the most popular herbal treatments forimproving personal health, with applications in treating fatigue. However, the exact mechanisms of anti-fatigue effects are stillunclear. Thus, we investigated the effect of red ginseng powder (RGP) on exercise capacity and peripheral fatigue using bothbehavioral and molecular experiments in mice. Design: Four-groups behavioral and molecular experiment. Methods: Male 6-weeks-old ICR mice were treated with distilled water, 100, and 200 mg/kg RGP for 5 days via oraladministration. The exercise capacity of each animal group was measured by locomotor activity, rota-rod, hanging wire, and coldswimming tests. Additionally, after performing the treadmill to induce fatigue, lactate expression and molecular experiments were investigated using mice gastrocnemius. Results: Mice treated with RGP exhibited increased exercise capacity in the behavioral tests. Additionally, RGP induced a dose-dependent decrease in lactate levels after high-intensity exercise, and Monocarboxylate transporter (MCT) 4 expressionincreased in groups treated with RGP. However, there was no significant change in MCT1. Conclusions: These results suggest that RGP exerts several anti-fatigue properties by lower lactate and improved exercisecapacity. Increased MCT4 expression may also affect lactate transport. Thus, this study suggests that the anti-fatigue properties ofRGP might be associated with MCT4 activity.
Relationship between Postural Balance Training and Fall Risks for Elderly: a Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials
Relationship between Postural Balance Training and Fall Risks for Elderly: a Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials
김희석(Heesuk Kim);황수진(Sujin Hwang)
물리치료재활과학회 / Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science 제10권 제2호 / 2021 / 185-196 (12 pages)
의약학>재활의학 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 물리치료학
초록보기
Objective: Falling is one of main accident to facilitate the physical injuries in order adults. The purpose of the systematic review was to determine the effects of postural balance training whether the recovery of falls in elderly with normal physical function or not throughout summing the selected studies quantitatively. Design: A systematic reviewMethods: MEDLINE and other four databases were searched up to April 20, 2021 and randomized controlled trials (RCTs)evaluating postural balance approaches on fall risks in elderly. The researched studies excluded the double studies, titles andabstract, and finally full-reported study. The selected RCTs studies were extracted characteristics of the studies and summary ofresults based on PICOS-SD (population, intervention, comparison, outcomes, and setting- study design) model to synthesize thepapers qualitatively. Results: The review involved 22 RCT reports with 4,847 community older adults aged 65 years or over. Nineteen of the selectedRCT studies reported dual or multimodal exercises show the beneficial effect for older adults compared to one-type treatment or no intervention. All of selected showed low risk in the selection, attrition, and reporting bias. However, detection bias showed lowrisk at 75% records of the involved RCTs and performance bias was low risk at only three records. Conclusions: The results of the systematic review propose that a standardized therapeutic approach and the intensity are neededfor improving risk of falls in older adults.
The Effect of Laughter Therapy on Anxiety, Depression and Stress of Cancer Patients Admitted to Long-Term Care Unit
The Effect of Laughter Therapy on Anxiety, Depression and Stress of Cancer Patients Admitted to Long-Term Care Unit
김승은(Seongeun Kim);김미선(Miseon Kim);정현철(Hyeoncheol Jeong)
물리치료재활과학회 / Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science 제10권 제2호 / 2021 / 197-204 (8 pages)
의약학>재활의학 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 물리치료학
초록보기
Objective: This study is based on a parallax design before and after a non-equivalent control group to examine the effects oflaughter therapy on the anxiety, depression, and stress in patients with cancer admitted to a nursing hospital. Design: A randomized controlled trial. Methods: Data collection was conducted on 34 patients who agreed to participate in the study among patients admitted to ECancer Hospital from September to November 2018. Laughter treatment interventions were performed three times a week for 50minutes each and a total of eight times. In this study, a tool developed by Spielberger was used to measure state anxiety, a tooldeveloped by Beck was used to measure depression, and the Perceived Stress Scaled eveloped by Cohen was used to measure stress. Results: Anxiety was significantly lower in the experimental group than in the control group (F=10.74, p=0.003). Depression was lower in both the experimental group and the control group that did not participate in the laughter therapy intervention and was notsignificant (F=0.58, p=0.451). Stress was significantly lower in the experimental group than in the control group (F=4.36,p=0.045). Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that laughter therapy has a positive effect on reducing anxiety and stress in patientswith cancer admitted to nursing hospitals.
The Effects of Performing Bridge Exercise and Hip Thrust Exercise using Various Knee Joint Angles on Trunk and Lower Body Muscle Activation in Healthy Subjects
The Effects of Performing Bridge Exercise and Hip Thrust Exercise using Various Knee Joint Angles on Trunk and Lower Body Muscle Activation in Healthy Subjects
김동수(Dongsu Kim);정종찬(Jongchan Jung);정이정(Yijung Chung)
물리치료재활과학회 / Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science 제10권 제2호 / 2021 / 205-211 (7 pages)
의약학>재활의학 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 물리치료학
초록보기
Objective: This study aimed to identify the effects of assuming different knee angles and hip abduction during bridge exercise andhip thrust exercise on lower body muscle activity. Design: Cross-sectional studyMethods: Thirty-three healthy adults (18 men and 15 women) were instructed to perform the bridge and hip thrust exercises whilerandomly assuming 120°, 90° and 60° of knee flexion and 0° and 30° of hip abduction. EMG data (%maximum voluntaryisometric contraction) were recorded three times from the erector spinae (ES), gluteus maximus (GM) and biceps femoris (BF)muscles of participant’s dominant side and the mean values were analyzed. Results: The results showed that, during the hip thrust compared to the bridge exercise, there was significantly greater gluteusmaximus muscle activity in all hip conditions while the biceps femoris activity was significantly less, and the erector spinaemuscle activity was significantly greater with 30° of hip abduction (p<0.05). With all exercises, the erector spinae and the bicepsfemoris exhibited significantly greater muscle activity with 60° of knee flexion compared to 90° and 120° of knee flexion (p<0.05), and significantly greater muscle activity with 90° compared to 120° of knee flexion (p<0.05). In the case of the gluteusmaximus, greater muscle activity was exhibited with 120° compared to 60° of knee flexion with all hip abduction conditions (p<0.05). Conclusions: It was effective for muscle activation of main agonists such as the gluteus maximus and erector spinae during thrustexercise, and the change in knee flexion angle was effective for muscle activation of the gluteus maximus. Therefore, it isconsidered that this study can be used as a selective indicator of the target movement angle during hip strengthening exercise forspecific muscles.
Video Based Behavioral Analysis to Observe Attention during Mirror Therapy in Hemiplegic Patients : Preliminary Study
Video Based Behavioral Analysis to Observe Attention during Mirror Therapy in Hemiplegic Patients : Preliminary Study
김진민(Jinmin Kim);송창호(Changho Song)
물리치료재활과학회 / Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science 제10권 제2호 / 2021 / 212-216 (5 pages)
의약학>재활의학 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 물리치료학
초록보기
Objective: Mirror therapy is one of the promising methods suggested for the upper limb rehabilitation of stroke patients. Whilemirror therapy was presented to be effective in improving motor function of stroke patients, problems were raised as precedingstudies had various methods in applying mirror therapy. Some studies even reported no effect in mirror therapy. Our suppositionfor the reason of such problems was a decrease of attention on the illusive image during mirror therapy of stroke patients, and we aimed to observe this. Design: A cross-sectional preliminary study. Methods: Three hemiplegic acute patients were recruited for the traditional mirror therapy. It lasted for 30 minutes, and 12different tasks were asked to perform. All procedures were video-recorded, and Observer XT was used to analyse mirror-gazingtime, gaze-distracted time, preparation time, frequency of mirror gazing, frequency of distraction, frequency of preparation fortreatment. Results: Subjects spent an average of 4-5 minutes having instructions about the mirror therapy intervention (preparation duration), an average of 11 minutes watching the mirror during therapy (mirror-gazing duration), and the rest of 14-15 minutes lookingaround the environment (gaze-distracted duration). During the mirror therapy, the number of distracted moments (frequency ofdistraction) was eight times more than focusing on the mirror (frequency of mirror gazing). Conclusions: Once the patient looks at the mirror, it only lasts about 5 seconds on average. Thus, we confirmed that patients couldnot concentrate on the illusion during the session and therefore it may have affected the effectiveness of the therapy.
The Comparative Study on the Satisfaction of the Physical Therapy facilities in the front Military hospitals and Devision
The Comparative Study on the Satisfaction of the Physical Therapy facilities in the front Military hospitals and Devision
박기완(Giwan Park);정지혜(Jihye Jung);이승원(Seungwon Lee)
물리치료재활과학회 / Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science 제10권 제2호 / 2021 / 217-224 (8 pages)
의약학>재활의학 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 물리치료학
초록보기
Objective: This study is about the physical therapy facilities and environmental and service satisfaction of patients visiting in thefront military hospitals and divisions. Design: Survey studyMethods: Prior to this survey, 28 users of the front division and military hospital were surveyed in advance to verify the surveythrough reliability analysis. For this survey, 1,300 questionnaires were distributed to seven frontline divisions and three militaryhospitals, of which 578 military hospitals and 479 divisions were collected. Among them, 1,042 pieces of data were used for theanalysis, excluding 15 questionnaires that exceeded the research period of the division. Analysis methods used Cronbach-αandmultiple regression for mean comparison analysis, factor analysis for validation, and reliability verification to verify differencesbetween groups. Results: As a result of the satisfaction analysis, the division s stage satisfaction was higher than that of military hospitals, and as a result of analyzing the satisfaction items by sector, accessibility, re-visit doctors, and professionalism accounted for a large portionin the field of physical therapy services. As a result of a regression analysis, the factors that affect the satisfaction of physicaltherapy had the greatest impact on facility and environmental satisfaction, and expertise in physical therapy services. Conclusions: In the future, it will be necessary to improve the comfort of the physical therapy room and the expertise of physicaltherapy in order to improve the satisfaction level of physical therapy at military medical facilities.
Effect of Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Stretching on Pain, Hip Joint Range of Motion, and Functional Disability in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain
Effect of Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Stretching on Pain, Hip Joint Range of Motion, and Functional Disability in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain
김범용(Beomryong Kim);강태우(Taewoo Kang);김다희(Dahee Kim)
물리치료재활과학회 / Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science 제10권 제2호 / 2021 / 225-234 (10 pages)
의약학>재활의학 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 물리치료학
초록보기
Objective: We aimed to identify the effects of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretching on pain, hip range ofmotion, and functional disability in patients with chronic low back pain. Design: Randomized controlled trialMethods: In total, 45 patients with chronic low back pain were randomly divided into a conventional stretching group (n=22) and a PNF stretching group (n=23). Both interventions were performed three times per week for 6 weeks. Assessments were madeusing the visual analog scale, Flexion-Abduction-External Rotation test, modified Thomas test, prone hip extension test, andOswestry disability index before and after the 6-week intervention period. We conducted a paired t-test to compare thewithin-group findings before and after the intervention. An independent t-test was used to compare the between-group differences. The statistical significance level was set at α=0.05, for all variables. Results: Both groups showed significant improvements in pain, hip range of motion, and functional disability after theintervention (p<0.05). A significant difference was observed in pain, hip range of motion, and functional disability in patientsbelonging to the PNF stretching group (p<0.05). Conclusions: This study provides evidence that the application of PNF stretching can effectively reduce pain and improve hiprange of motion and functional disability in patients with chronic low back pain.
Immediate Effect of Flexion-Distraction Spinal Manipulation on Intervertebral Height, Pain, and Spine Mobility in Patients with Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease
Immediate Effect of Flexion-Distraction Spinal Manipulation on Intervertebral Height, Pain, and Spine Mobility in Patients with Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease
피태진(Taejin Pi);정이정(Yijung Chung)
물리치료재활과학회 / Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science 제10권 제2호 / 2021 / 235-243 (9 pages)
의약학>재활의학 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 물리치료학
초록보기
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the short-term effects of flexion-distraction spinal manipulation on intervertebralheight, pain, spine mobility in patients with lumbar degenerative disc disease. Design: Randomized controlled trial with a pretest-posttest control group designMethods: A total of 96 participants with degenerative disc disease participated in the study and were randomly divided into twogroups. Both groups received intervention for 3-5 minutes a day. The experimental group (n=48) underwent flexion-distractionspinal manipulation for 3-5 minutes, and the control group (n=48) was maintained in the same position as the experimental groupfor 5 minutes without any intervention. The intervertebral height was measured by computed tomography, pain was assessed usingvisual analog scale, and the spine in flexion mobility was measured using the finger-to-floor distance test and passive straight legraise test. Pre-test and post-test measurements were obtained. Results: The experimental group showed significant improvement in intervertebral height, degree of pain, and spinal mobility(p<0.05). The intervertebral height increased from 6.32±1.90 to 6.93±1.85 mm (p<0.05), lower back pain decreased from69.17±13.35 mm to 48.48±12.20 mm (p<0.05), lumbar spine mobility changed from 17.37±4.49 to 12.69±4.34 cm (p<0.05),and passive straight leg raise test range increased from 46.94±13.05° to 56.01±12.20° (p<0.05). Conclusions: This study suggests that flexion-distraction spinal manipulation could be an effective treatment for decreasing painand improving function in patients with degenerative disc disease.