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홈 > 간행물 권호
  • 발행기관: 한국의학교육학회
  • 간행물:
  • 권/호:

Korean Journal of Medical Education(Korean Journal of Medical Education)

  • 발행기관 : 한국의학교육학회
  • 출처구분 : 학회
  • 간행물유형 : 학술저널
  • 발행주기 : 계간 (발행월:3,6,9,12)
  • Print ISSN : 2005-727X
  • Online ISSN : 2005-7288
  • 등재정보 : KCI 우수등재
Korean Journal of Medical Education
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How the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic changed medical education and deans’ perspectives in Korean medical schools
How the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic changed medical education and deans’ perspectives in Korean medical schools
Hyunmi Park;Young-Mee Lee;Ming-Jung Ho;Hee-Chul Han
한국의학교육학회 / Korean Journal of Medical Education 제33권 제2호 / 2021 / 65-74 (10 pages)
의약학>의학일반 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 의학일반
초록보기
Purpose: This study explored how the Korean Medical Colleges responded to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and the medical deans’ perspectives on what and how these adaptions influence the present and the future of medical education. Methods: An email survey combining short and open-ended questions was distributed to all 40 Korean school deans in May 2020. Thirty-seven deans out of 40 medical schools in Korea (92.5%) participated. Results: Most lectures moved online but students’ assessments were delayed and later held onsite. Clinical rotations continued except for an average of 3-week suspension during the first COVID-19 wave. The deans’ remarks on the positive influences far outweighed the negative impact of COVID-19 on medical education. Although technological adaptations caused initial hardship, the experience gained through the use of various online learning systems led to attitudinal changes on the importance of adopting new technology and a tailored and student centric curriculum in medical education. Conclusion: The deans’ perspective changes has shown the possibility of the deans’ generation aligning more closely with the current Generation Z medical students. They projected further innovations in teaching and learning methods, especially applying flipped learning and highlighted the need to invest in faculty development so medical educators can be equipped and competent in diverse ICT (information and communications technology) learning platforms. Also, the need for advance preparations in medical education for future similar public health crises were stressed. Unprecedented changes brought by COVID-19 positively impacted Korean medical education in parts and the Korean deans envisioned further innovations using the experiences gained during this crisis.
Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on happiness and stress: comparison of preclinical and clinical medical students
Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on happiness and stress: comparison of preclinical and clinical medical students
Suwicha Kaewsiri Isaradisaikul;Pichcha Thansuwonnont;Phatsaworn Sangthongluan
한국의학교육학회 / Korean Journal of Medical Education 제33권 제2호 / 2021 / 75-85 (11 pages)
의약학>의학일반 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 의학일반
초록보기
Purpose: To compare differences in happiness and stress and related factors between pre-clinical and clinical year medical students during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Thailand. All undergraduate medical students were requested to voluntarily respond to an electronic survey. Demographic data, related factors of happiness and stress, scores from the Thai version of the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (Thai-OHQ), and Thai Stress Questionnaire (Thai-ST5) were collected. Results: There were 369 responses, 64.8% from preclinical students and 35.2% responses from clinical students, and 53.9% were women. The mean age of the participants was 20.62±1.81 years. The most frequent platforms that the students used to track COVID-19 information were Facebook 43.9% and Twitter 43.4%. Both groups had a low level of stress. No difference was found in the Thai-OHQ score (p=0.323) and the Thai-ST5 score (p=0.278). With multivariable analysis, two factors significantly related to the happier students included higher health satisfaction scores (p<0.001) and maintaining an exercise program during the COVID-19 pandemic (p=0.015). Conclusion: There was no difference in the happiness and stress levels between the two groups during the first outbreak of COVID-19 in Thailand. To increase happiness, promoting awareness of health satisfaction and regularity of exercise for the medical students should be initiated. To direct the information during a disease outbreak such as the COVID-19 pandemic, Facebook, and Twitter are the primary platforms to use.
Assessing webinar outcomes for health professionals: a perspective from Indonesia during coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic
Assessing webinar outcomes for health professionals: a perspective from Indonesia during coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic
Edward Christopher Yo;Anissa Nindhyatriayu Witjaksono;Dewi Yunia Fitriani;Retno Asti Werdhani;Dyandra Parikesit
한국의학교육학회 / Korean Journal of Medical Education 제33권 제2호 / 2021 / 87-96 (10 pages)
의약학>의학일반 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 의학일반
초록보기
Purpose: With the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, health institutions and hospitals are increasingly relying on e-learning for continuing education. However, in many countries there is still limited data on the effectiveness of online learning particularly in the healthcare field. This study aims to evaluate whether webinar as a form of online educational intervention is satisfactory and effective for the continuing education of health professionals in Indonesia. Methods: We collected participants’ demographic information including health profession, place of work, work unit, and year of graduation. There were six independent webinars included in this study. Webinar outcomes included satisfaction and learning scores. Regarding satisfaction, participants were told to complete a satisfaction survey and asked whether they would recommend the webinar to their colleagues. Regarding learning, information on their mean pre-test and post-test scores was collected. Results: A total of 3,607 health professionals were enrolled, with the highest participation in webinars about emergency cases and COVID-19 management. The response towards satisfaction was overwhelmingly positive. In all six webinars, post-test scores were statistically significantly higher than pre-test scores. Recently graduated physicians scored higher in learning than senior physicians, while place of work and work unit did not significantly affect the scores. Conclusion: The use of webinar for health professionals training in Indonesia was well-received amid the ongoing pandemic. In the future, health institutions and teaching hospitals should optimize the implementation of webinar training as it is associated with low cost, high flexibility, and less time commuting.
Does the hospitalization immersion experience improve medical students’ understanding of patients’ perspectives? A qualitative study
Does the hospitalization immersion experience improve medical students’ understanding of patients’ perspectives? A qualitative study
Makoto Kikukawa;Kikuko Taketomi;Motofumi Yoshida
한국의학교육학회 / Korean Journal of Medical Education 제33권 제2호 / 2021 / 97-106 (10 pages)
의약학>의학일반 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 의학일반
초록보기
Purpose: Although many studies have assessed the impact of interventions to increase medical students’ empathy by improving their understanding of patients’ perspectives and feelings, the impact of hospitalization experiences remains unclear. Methods: Fifth-year medical students at Kyushu University from 2009-2013 participated in a 2-day/1-night course to provide a hospitalization experience. After the course, participants answered an online, anonymous, open-ended questionnaire created by the authors. Results: Of 488 participants, 462 provided responses (95% response rate), which were evaluated by thematic analysis. Students understood inpatients not only through their own hospitalization experience, but also through observations of and conversations with the inpatients they encountered, from a shared perspective of both. Students experienced the realities of hospital life, stress and psychological states of being an inpatient, and psychological pressure from physicians. In addition, students observed the distress of other inpatients and dedication of medical staff. Furthermore, through communication with these inpatients, students understood other inpatients’ anxiety about illness and empathy as one of the requirements of health care providers from the patients’ perspective. Conclusion: This qualitative study investigated the effectiveness of a course on the hospitalization experience. Results showed that medical students understood the perspectives, distress, and anxiety of being an inpatient, not only from their own experiences but also from observation and communication with other inpatients they encountered during their hospitalization. This experience appeared to be an effective teaching strategy for enhancing medical students’ empathy by improving their understanding of patients’ perspectives and feelings.
Experience of development and management of interprofessional education courses: a case study of an IPE center CHA IPE Bridge
Experience of development and management of interprofessional education courses: a case study of an IPE center CHA IPE Bridge
Jaijeong Choi
한국의학교육학회 / Korean Journal of Medical Education 제33권 제2호 / 2021 / 107-114 (8 pages)
의약학>의학일반 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 의학일반
초록보기
Purpose: Since the World Health Organization began recommending interprofessional education (IPE) in 2007, it has been applied to all fields of health care related education worldwide. There is an emerging need for IPE in Korea in the context of developing strategies for continuous quality control and improvement of medical services in hospitals and especially avoidance of patient safety. However, despite its importance and necessity, IPE in Korea appears to remain in its starting stage. The aim of this study is to introduce “CHA IPE Bridge”, a center for IPE that was established CHA University in Korea in 2018. Methods: According to the subject and purpose of this study, I have to conduct a “case study” with “literature search” as a basic research method. After conducting a literature (books and articles) & websites search on the history and trends of IPE in the world and the current status of IPE in Korea, I intend to examine the status and meaning of the CHA IPE Bridge based on those backgrounds. Results: According to Harden’s 11 steps of IPE, IPE courses and programs developed CHA IPE Bridge have reached the level of “multidisciplinary ” belonging to the ninth step. In fact, few cases in Korea have achieved that level of IPE. Furthermore, CHA IPE Bridge develops IPE courses that go beyond the range of doctors and nurses to other occupations related to the field of health care. In view of such differences, the introduction of CHA IPE Bridge is expected to provide a positive stimulus to other universities in Korea. Conclusion: The greatest achievement of this study is that the CHA IPE Bridge’s status in the field of domestic and international medical education and its positive impact has been revealed. Although this case only shows examples of the development and operation of IPE programs at the undergraduate level, it can be seen that even in Korea, if the operation strategy is well established, the application of IPE is never impossible.
Exploring the structural relationships between medical students’ motivational regulation, cognitive learning, and academic performance in online learning
Exploring the structural relationships between medical students’ motivational regulation, cognitive learning, and academic performance in online learning
Heoncheol Yun;Seon Kim;Eun-Kyung Chung
한국의학교육학회 / Korean Journal of Medical Education 제33권 제2호 / 2021 / 115-124 (10 pages)
의약학>의학일반 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 의학일반
초록보기
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of motivational regulation strategies (MRSs) on cognitive learning and academic performance. Methods: The participants were a total of 510 pre-medical and medical students. Survey instruments assessed the use of MRSs and cognitive learning strategies. Students’ grade point averages were used for academic performance. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze data, using Mplus ver. 7.4 (Muthén & Muthén, Los Angeles, USA). Results: Confirming the measurement model validity, the results of structural model indicated the followings: (1) MRSs had a significant impact on cognitive learning, while these strategies negatively affected academic performance; (2) cognitive learning significantly influenced academic performance and mediated the effect of MRSs on academic performance; and (3) only academic levels had a significant effect on cognitive learning. Conclusion: The findings from this study confirmed that MRSs were highly influential to predicting students’ cognitive learning which affects their better learning performance. Thus, instructional design and practice to support learning motivation is needed to promote cognitive learning and training programs to practice the effective methods of using MRSs in learning need to be provided.
Pre-clerkship students’ perception and learning behavior of online classes during coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic
Pre-clerkship students’ perception and learning behavior of online classes during coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic
Ye Ji Kang;Do-Hwan Kim
한국의학교육학회 / Korean Journal of Medical Education 제33권 제2호 / 2021 / 125-131 (7 pages)
의약학>의학일반 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 의학일반
초록보기
Purpose: This study aims to analyze pre-clerkship medical students’ learning strategies and perceptions in online classes during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. Methods: To develop the survey items, 20 pre-clerkship students were interviewed about their learning experiences in the first semester of 2020. A total of 425 pre-clerkship students have participated in the survey, which comprised four parts (general experience, learning strategies, important features, and overall satisfaction). Results: Before classes began, students generally had “neutral expectations” about online classes (2.90 out of 5). At the end of the semester, overall satisfaction with the curriculum was moderate (3.04 out of 5). Premedical students reported lower scores in “daily study hours” and “regular lifestyle” and higher scores in “experience of playing recorded lectures solely for an attendance check” (p<0.001). In addition, first-year premedical students not only showed significantly lower utilization of learning strategies compared to other grades (p<0.001). Conclusion: Although pre-clerkship students mostly shared similar perceptions and behaviors in their learning regardless of grade level, some characteristics were either more prominent in premedical students on the whole or limited to first-year premedical students.
Exploring the strategies for successfully building e-portfolios in medical schools
Exploring the strategies for successfully building e-portfolios in medical schools
Su Jin Chae;Yong Won Lee
한국의학교육학회 / Korean Journal of Medical Education 제33권 제2호 / 2021 / 133-137 (5 pages)
의약학>의학일반 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 의학일반
초록보기
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the characteristics of resistance among medical students toward e-portfolios and find the strategies for them to successfully prepare e-portfolios. Methods: Participants were a group of 258 medical students. The questionnaire comprised 13 items developed based on the innovation resistance theory. The data were analyzed using descriptive analysis and Spearman’s correlation analysis using PASW SPSS version 18.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, USA). Results: Students perceived that e-portfolios have a high degree of relative advantage, trialability, and complexity as their innovation resistance characteristics. Regarding perceived risk, they did not want others to see their information, but they had a high degree of demand for communication with their professors. Conclusion: The successful use of portfolios can serve as a tool for student management and assessment that can reflect their introspection, personal development, and academic performance. This study proposed the strategies to promote the use of e-portfolios by strengthening education on the need for them, specific feedback of instructors, and students’ autonomy.
Is it feasible and effective to provide faculty development programs online for clinical teachers?
Is it feasible and effective to provide faculty development programs online for clinical teachers?
Ji Hyun Im;Ju Whi Kim;Wan Beom Park;Ilkyu Han;Seung Hee Lee;Jwa Seop Shin;Hyun Bae Yoon
한국의학교육학회 / Korean Journal of Medical Education 제33권 제2호 / 2021 / 139-145 (7 pages)
의약학>의학일반 / KDC : 기술과학 > 의학 / KCI : 의약학 > 의학일반
초록보기
Purpose: Seoul National University College of Medicine operates a faculty development program for clinical teachers at multiple affiliated teaching hospitals. In 2020, the program was moved online due to coronavirus disease 2019. The purpose of this study was to determine whether it is feasible and effective to provide faculty development programs online in terms of clinical teachers’ participation and satisfaction in comparison with offline programs. Methods: Clinical teachers participated in the clinical teaching methods programs offline in 2019 and online in 2020. We analyzed participation rate and satisfaction level. All surveys items were rated on a 5-point Likert scale. We also interviewed instructors about the advantages and drawbacks of the online program. Results: The participation rate of the online program (89.5%) was significantly higher than that of the offline program (67.8%). The overall satisfaction level for the online program (4.37) was similar to that for the offline program (4.50). Conclusion: Faculty development programs online are feasible and effective in medical education. We need to design training content that fits online programs, consider various online training methods to reinforce the strengths of online programs, and support participants to make good use of these programs.