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홈 > 간행물 권호
  • 발행기관: 경희대학교 언어정보연구소
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언어연구(Linguistic Research)

  • 발행기관 : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소(Institute for the Study of Language and Information)
  • 출처구분 : 대학부설 연구소
  • 간행물유형 : 학술저널
  • 발행주기 : 계간 (발행월:3,6,9,12)
  • ISSN : 1229-1374
언어연구
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Remarks on the syntax and semantics of so-called comitative coordination
Remarks on the syntax and semantics of so-called comitative coordination
Eman Al Khalaf
경희대학교 언어정보연구소 / 언어연구 제35권 제2호 / 2018 / 253-273 (21 pages)
인문학>언어학 / KDC : 언어 > 언어 / KCI : 인문학 > 언어학
초록보기
Al Khalaf, Eman. 2018. Remarks on the syntax and semantics of so-called comitative coordination. Linguistic Research 35(2), 253-273. Natural languages exhibit two conjunction strategies: the coordinate strategy and the comitative strategy (Stassen 2000). Recent work claims that there exists a hybrid construction that appears to employ both strategies, namely comitative coordinate construction. This paper argues against this claim and shows that what the literature assumes to be a hybrid construction is in fact a pure comitative, which is different from a coordinate semantically and syntactically. The paper also offers an alternative structural analysis of this construction, which captures the various differences between comitatives and coordinates. The analysis proposed has consequences on the status of the conjunct constraint, the constraint that bans extracting a whole conjunct. (The University of Jordan)
A reconsideration of the (non-)uniform syntax of Korean right-dislocation
A reconsideration of the (non-)uniform syntax of Korean right-dislocation
Kaori Furuya
경희대학교 언어정보연구소 / 언어연구 제35권 제2호 / 2018 / 275-304 (30 pages)
인문학>언어학 / KDC : 언어 > 언어 / KCI : 인문학 > 언어학
초록보기
Furuya, Kaori. 2018. A reconsideration of the (non-)uniform syntax of Korean rightdislocation. Linguistic Research 35(2), 275-304. This paper investigates the clausal nature of Korean Right-Dislocation Constructions (RDCs) and reconsiders recent extant (non-)uniform analyses of RDCs. Since Korean is a pro-drop language, most of the literature on Korean RDCs assumes the preverbal empty category as pro or a trace out of movement in the constructions. However, recent literature has shown that null arguments can also be derived via argument ellipsis (e.g. Sakamoto 2016). The paper identifies the categorial statuses of preverbal empty categories and demonstrates similarities and differences between gapped and gapless RDCs that Ko (2016) and Ahn and Cho (2016, 2017) do not observe. It argues that a non-uniform analysis is most compatible to account for the distribution of empty categories of RDCs. The proposed analysis receives support form novel evidence based on (non-)parallelisms between RDCs and fragment answers. (University of North Texas)
Intervention effect, scope, and type-shifting
Intervention effect, scope, and type-shifting
Jieun Kim
경희대학교 언어정보연구소 / 언어연구 제35권 제2호 / 2018 / 305-335 (31 pages)
인문학>언어학 / KDC : 언어 > 언어 / KCI : 인문학 > 언어학
초록보기
Kim, Jieun. 2018. Intervention effect, scope, and type-shifting. Linguistic Research 35(2), 305-335. This paper proposes a new approach to the intervention effect in Korean. Instead of attributing this effect to the failure of proper binding between a wh-phrase and its Q-operator in syntactic (Beck 1996; Beck and Kim 1997) or in semantic sense (Beck 2006; Kim 2002; Wee 2007), this paper points out that the properties of the semantics of interveners and the contribution of interveners scope to compositional process of forming a wh-interrogative meaning should be investigated more carefully. In this paper, I regard quantifying items as potential interveners and suggest how only some specific classes of quantifying items escape from being a real intervener. As for the remnant quantifying items, the real interveners, two factors are suggested as the cause of intervention effect: (1) combinatorial mismatch in wh-interrogative composition process and (2) improper formation of informative content when an intervener scopes over a wh-phrase. We can find that not only the positive information but also the negative information delivered by strong exhaustive reading of a wh-question are not formed properly when an intervener scopes over a wh-phrase. This suggestion is distinguished from previous ones in that it explains why not all quantifying items are interveners and how interveners cause semantic problems, not syntactic problems. (University of Ulsan)
Intervention effects in Persian: A pragmatic approach
Intervention effects in Persian: A pragmatic approach
Suyeon Yun
경희대학교 언어정보연구소 / 언어연구 제35권 제2호 / 2018 / 337-356 (20 pages)
인문학>언어학 / KDC : 언어 > 언어 / KCI : 인문학 > 언어학
초록보기
Yun, Suyeon. 2018. Intervention effects in Persian: A pragmatic approach. Linguistic Research 35(2), 337-356. This paper aims at a description of intervention effects in Persian, which have been underdocumented thus far. It is shown that Persian involves intervention effects when the NPIs and some quantificational phrases precede wh-phrases except for cher ‘why’, and the intervention effects are canceled when the wh-phrase scrambles over the intervener as in many other languages with intervention effects. Also, as in the case of Korean and Japanese, cher ‘why’ is exempt from intervention effects. This paper argues that the asymmetry between cher ‘why’ and the other wh-phrases with regard to intervention effects cannot be accounted for by a purely syntactic analysis. It will also be argued that the current Persian data can be explained by a pragmatic account of intervention effects proposed by Tomioka (2007, 2009) and may further support the pragmatic account. (Ewha Womans University)
A study of manner assimilation: focusing on word-initial [l]-avoidance, lateralization, and nasalization in Korean
A study of manner assimilation: focusing on word-initial [l]-avoidance, lateralization, and nasalization in Korean
Sechang Lee
경희대학교 언어정보연구소 / 언어연구 제35권 제2호 / 2018 / 357-379 (23 pages)
인문학>언어학 / KDC : 언어 > 언어 / KCI : 인문학 > 언어학
초록보기
Lee, Sechang. 2018. A study of manner assimilation: focusing on word-initial [l]-avoidance, lateralization, and nasalization in Korean. Linguistic Research 35(2), 357-379. The purpose of this paper is to provide an explanation of manner assimilation as a whole in terms of the interaction of well-defined OT constraints. It turns out that previous OT treatments of lateralization in Korean assumes the crucial role of a language-specific constraint to the effect that a sequence of ln or nl is prohibited in the output. I attempt to get rid of the language-specificity by offering to replace the constraint in question with a licensing one requiring a doubly-linked structure of [lateral], L ICENSE ([lateral]). With the introduction of L ICENSE ([lateral]) on the constraint ranking, the otherwise puzzling phenomenon of word-initial [l]-avoidance can be nicely explained. Also, by combining this strategy with syllable contact law and output-output correspondence, it will be shown that we can account for the whole range of relevant data. Clearly, the best aspect of this analysis is that it does not add any new stipulation to the theory but makes use of independently motivated constraints of universal nature, not to mention alleviating some burden on grammar thereby. (Sookmyung Women’s University
A comparison of the acoustic vowel spaces of speech and song
A comparison of the acoustic vowel spaces of speech and song
Evan D. Bradley
경희대학교 언어정보연구소 / 언어연구 제35권 제2호 / 2018 / 381-394 (14 pages)
인문학>언어학 / KDC : 언어 > 언어 / KCI : 인문학 > 언어학
초록보기
Bradley, Evan D. 2018. A comparison of the acoustic vowel spaces of speech and song. Linguistic Research 35(2), 381-394. Speaking and singing are two modes of the same system. These modes are subject to similar constraints, but have different goals. This study examined the acoustic vowel spaces, as defined by formant frequencies, used by singers when they were singing or speaking the same linguistic content. Overall, formant values decreased during singing compared to singing. This resulted in compression of the vowel space, with more overlapping vowel regions during singing. However, this was not consistent for all vowels and all singers. Differences between the modes are partially explained by known articulatory processes used during singing, such as larynx lowering. This may reflect the way that speakers balance communicative versus aesthetic concerns when articulating lyrics. (The Pennsylvania State University Brandywine)
Effects of conceptual differences on the semantic memory retrieval
Effects of conceptual differences on the semantic memory retrieval
Jiseon Baik;Haeil Park
경희대학교 언어정보연구소 / 언어연구 제35권 제2호 / 2018 / 395-412 (18 pages)
인문학>언어학 / KDC : 언어 > 언어 / KCI : 인문학 > 언어학
초록보기
Baik, Jiseon and Haeil Park. 2018. Effects of conceptual differences on the semantic memory retrieval. Linguistic Research 35(2), 395-412. The present study aims to investigate whether there are any effects of conceptual distinctions on semantic memory retrieval, and if so, how different concepts play out in cued-recall. Semantic memory is one of the core features characterizing humans, and includes all acquired knowledge about the world. We conducted a semantic memory cued-recall study comparing action-associated and literal sentences with non-action and metaphoric ones. Here, we report that action-related sentences are better recalled than their non-action counterparts. This result is attributable to more sensory-motor activation of action-related utterances leading to a better maintenance in memory, which is in support of the Grounded Cognition (henceforth, GC) theory. In addition, we observed a literal sentence advantage during the same task, given that literal sentences are remembered to a greater extent than metaphoric sentences. This finding is also accounted for by the GC model in a way that the more concrete a concept is, the more activation in the sensory-motor cortex it will engage during comprehension, thereby inducing a more effective recall. (Kyung Hee University)