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홈 > 간행물 권호
  • 발행기관: 경희대학교 언어정보연구소
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언어연구(Linguistic Research)

  • 발행기관 : 경희대학교 언어정보연구소(Institute for the Study of Language and Information)
  • 출처구분 : 대학부설 연구소
  • 간행물유형 : 학술저널
  • 발행주기 : 계간 (발행월:3,6,9,12)
  • ISSN : 1229-1374
언어연구
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7
On the nature of the restrictions for Multiple Subject Constructions in Korean
On the nature of the restrictions for Multiple Subject Constructions in Korean
Jeong-Me Yoon
경희대학교 언어정보연구소 / 언어연구 제35권 제3호 / 2018 / 415-447 (33 pages)
인문학>언어학 / KDC : 언어 > 언어 / KCI : 인문학 > 언어학
초록보기
In this paper, I discuss two different approaches to the Characteristic Property Condition for Multiple Subject Constructions in Korean, i.e., the interpretive approach and the processing approach. Assuming that the CPC is the ultimate condition for MSCs, the former claims that the CPC holds due to the special interpretive properties of SpecIP in Korean while according to the latter, the CPC is a processing restriction for filler-gap constructions incurring heavy processing loads. In this paper, I provide four arguments for the latter: (i) the processing approach can better explain the sub-restrictions figuring in the CPC; (ii) the processing approach can better explain the cumulative nature of the sub-restrictions figuring in the CPC; (iii) the processing approach can better explain the fact that the CPC holds for various filler-gap constructions in Korean other than MSCs; (iv) the processing approach can better explain the fact that the CPC also holds for filler-gap constructions in languages like English which lack pro. One syntactic implication of my claim is that simply appealing to the availability of base-generated pro chains cannot be an answer for the absence of island effects observed in many constructions in Korean including MSCs.
Two types of variation in the morphosyntactic expression of recipients of dative verbs in Korean
Two types of variation in the morphosyntactic expression of recipients of dative verbs in Korean
Hanjung Lee
경희대학교 언어정보연구소 / 언어연구 제35권 제3호 / 2018 / 449-482 (34 pages)
인문학>언어학 / KDC : 언어 > 언어 / KCI : 인문학 > 언어학
초록보기
It has been observed that a subset of dative verbs that express caused possession such as cwu- ‘give’, ceykongha-‘offer’ and swuyeha- ‘award’ allow both dative and accusative case on their recipient arguments. These verbs contrast with caused motion verbs such as verbs of sending and throwing, which allow their recipient argument to be realized only with dative case or other oblique postpositions. This paper presents a novel, probabilistic account of the morphosyntactic expression of recipients of Korean dative verbs that can explain two types of variation that remain unexplained by previous approaches to dative verbs: speaker variation and grammatical gradience in the realization of recipients of dative verbs. It is shown that these problems can be accounted for in a unified way in terms of the relative ranking of and the distance between two conflicting constraints in Stochastic Optimality Theory (Boersma and Hayes 2001): a F AITH (R EC ) constraint requiring faithful expression of the recipient role (Bresnan and Nikitina 2009) and a R ECIPIENT / D IRECT C ASE (R EC /D C ) constraint enforcing direct case more strongly on a semantically stronger type of recipients, i.e., a recipient entailed to possess a theme. This result provides new evidence for probabilistic approaches to argument realization where probabilistic constraints that relate an argument’s semantic prominence and a morphosyntactic prominence contrast (direct vs. oblique marking) play a crucial role in argument marking.
Scrambling and island constraints in Korean
Scrambling and island constraints in Korean
Yong-hun Lee
경희대학교 언어정보연구소 / 언어연구 제35권 제3호 / 2018 / 483-511 (29 pages)
인문학>언어학 / KDC : 언어 > 언어 / KCI : 인문학 > 언어학
초록보기
There have been several controversies on the existence of island constraints in Korean. This paper takes an experimental approach to island constraints in Korean and examines the properties of islandhood in Korean. This paper basically adopts the experimental designs in Sprouse et al. (2012, 2014), but one more factor Scramble is also considered in the experiments as in Kim and Goodall (2014). Although the latter study includes only two island constraints (whether island and adjunct island), this paper contains all of four island constraints in the former studies. The experiments are conducted with the magnitude estimation (ME) method, and the acceptability scores are measured with line drawings for one hundred students. After the experiment, the collected data are analyzed with three types of analyses: generalized linear model (GLM), DD scores, and random forests. Through the analysis, the followings are observed: (i) Korean also has island phenomena, (ii) scrambling increases the DD scores in all of four types of island constraints, and (iii) the increases of the DD scores are not due to the violation of island constraints but can be explained by a processing-based account.
Overtones of the progressive
Overtones of the progressive
Yoon-kyoung Joh
경희대학교 언어정보연구소 / 언어연구 제35권 제3호 / 2018 / 513-531 (19 pages)
인문학>언어학 / KDC : 언어 > 언어 / KCI : 인문학 > 언어학
초록보기
This paper proposes a way to explain three overtones of the progressive systematically. It has been reported that the progressive evokes overtones such as temporariness, reproof and insincerity. Previously, there have been attempts to explain them separately or partly but they could not address how the three overtones are related to one another. This paper claims that the overtones are basically derived as a scalar implicature since the simple tense and the progressive tense constitute a strength scale and the stronger form of the simple tense is negated when the weaker form of the progressive is employed, as Hong (2013) suggests for temporariness. Developing Hong (2013), this paper claims that the diversity of the overtones arises since different modal forces are added when the meaning of the stronger form is negated.
The production and perception of High-toned [il] by young speakers of Seoul Korean
The production and perception of High-toned [il] by young speakers of Seoul Korean
Sunghye Cho
경희대학교 언어정보연구소 / 언어연구 제35권 제3호 / 2018 / 533-565 (33 pages)
인문학>언어학 / KDC : 언어 > 언어 / KCI : 인문학 > 언어학
초록보기
High-toned [il] refers to a sound change in progress, where young speakers of Seoul Korean produce [il] in a high pitch. Previous studies show that [il] meaning ‘one’ tends to be produced with a high pitch and [il] meaning ‘work’ to be produced with a low pitch. Using production and perception experiments, this study investigates if the pitch difference between the meaning categories of [il] is categorical or not and if the production and perception of High-toned [il] vary by speakers’ age and gender. We find that the production of [il] ‘one’ is higher than the other meaning categories, but speakers born in the 1990s show less of a pitch difference between [il] ‘one’ and [il] ‘work’ than those born in the 1980s. The results of the perception experiment reveal that listeners show a tendency of selecting [il] ‘one’ when pitch is high, but they do not show a categorical curve in the identification of [il], indicating that the pitch difference among the meaning categories is not categorical. Also, the general identification by listeners born in the 1990s was less categorical than that made by the 1980s group. Considering the speakers born in the 1990s show less pitch difference between [il] ‘one’ and [il] ‘work’, as well as a rather flat identification curve in the identification task, and as there is little gender difference in both production and perception of [il], we suggest the High-toned [il] phenomenon is reaching completion. Lastly, we discuss the potential outcome of High-toned [il], along with the tonogenesis-like sound change in Seoul Korean.
Phonetic learning is not enhanced by sequential exposure to more than one language
Phonetic learning is not enhanced by sequential exposure to more than one language
Jiyoun Choi;Mirjam Broersma;Anne Cutler
경희대학교 언어정보연구소 / 언어연구 제35권 제3호 / 2018 / 567-581 (15 pages)
인문학>언어학 / KDC : 언어 > 언어 / KCI : 인문학 > 언어학
초록보기
Several studies have documented that international adoptees, who in early years have experienced a change from a language used in their birth country to a new language in an adoptive country, benefit from the limited early exposure to the birth language when relearning that language’s sounds later in life. The adoptees’ relearning advantages have been argued to be conferred by lasting birth-language knowledge obtained from the early exposure. However, it is also plausible to assume that the advantages may arise from adoptees’ superior ability to learn language sounds in general, as a result of their unusual linguistic experience, i.e., exposure to multiple languages in sequence early in life. If this is the case, then the adoptees’ relearning benefits should generalize to previously unheard language sounds, rather than be limited to their birth-language sounds. In the present study, adult Korean adoptees in the Netherlands and matched Dutch-native controls were trained on identifying a Japanese length distinction to which they had never been exposed before. The adoptees and Dutch controls did not differ on any test carried out before, during, or after the training, indicating that observed adoptee advantages for birth-language relearning do not generalize to novel, previously unheard language sounds. The finding thus fails to support the suggestion that birth-language relearning advantages may arise from enhanced ability to learn language sounds in general conferred by early experience in multiple languages. Rather, our finding supports the original contention that such advantages involve memory traces obtained before adoption.
Expressing sentential negation across languages
Expressing sentential negation across languages
Jong-Bok Kim
경희대학교 언어정보연구소 / 언어연구 제35권 제3호 / 2018 / 583-623 (41 pages)
인문학>언어학 / KDC : 언어 > 언어 / KCI : 인문학 > 언어학
초록보기
Each language employs its own grammatical device to express negation. This positional paper discusses four main ways of negation we find in natural languages: morphological negative, auxiliary negative, adverbial negative, and clitic-like negative. The paper first critically reviews derivational views in accounting for the grammatical properties of these four different types of negation and then offers a Construction-based HPSG analysis for each type. It argues that it is more viable to admit different morphological and syntactic categories of negation rather than to posit the uniform syntactic category Neg for all these types of negation. The paper also shows that it is more optimal to allow a modular approach between morphology and syntax, while allowing tight interactions among different grammatical levels.