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홈 > 간행물 권호
  • 발행기관: 한국언어치료학회
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언어치료연구(Journal of Speech & Hearing Disorders)

  • 발행기관 : 한국언어치료학회(Korean Speech, Language & Hearing Association)
  • 출처구분 : 학회
  • 간행물유형 : 학술저널
  • 발행주기 : 계간 (발행월:1,4,7,12)
  • ISSN : 1226-587X
언어치료연구
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음운인식 중재 프로그램이 지적장애 아동의 음운인식 및 단어재인 능력에 미치는 효과
음운인식 중재 프로그램이 지적장애 아동의 음운인식 및 단어재인 능력에 미치는 효과
김정림(Jung Lim Kim);강은희(Eun Hee Kang);이지윤(Ji Yun Lee)
한국언어치료학회 / 언어치료연구 제27권 제3호 / 2018 / 1-12 (12 pages)
사회과학>교육학 / KDC : 사회과학 > 교육학 / KCI : 사회과학 > 교육학
초록보기
Purpose: The aim of this study was to measure the effect of a phonological awareness intervention program on the phonological awareness and word recognition of children with mild intellectual disabilities depending on stimulus presentation conditions, and to suggest evidence-based programs to improve phonological awareness and word recognition. Methods: The subjects were two children with mild intellectual disabilities whose language age was 5 and 6. Multiple baselines across subjects were applied to determine the effect of intervention on word recognition along with the phonological improvement and the performance of the subjects. Results: The results indicate that a phonological awareness intervention program depending on stimulus presentation conditions increases phonological awareness in children with mild intellectual disabilities at the phonemic and syllable levels. In particular, the performance of counting tasks at the phonemic level was significantly lower in auditory cues. The result shows that children with mild intellectual disabilities have much difficulty in performing phonological awareness tasks through auditory cues only. Secondly, an intervention program depending on stimulus presentation conditions will improve the word recognition of children with mild intellectual disabilities. Improvement was higher in meaningful words than non-words. Conclusions: A phonological awareness intervention program depending on stimulus presentation conditions (audiovisual, visual, and auditory - was an effective intervention for mild intellectual disabilities when it comes to improving phonological awareness at the syllable and phonemic levels and word recognition.
취학 전 아동의 조음교대운동 특성
취학 전 아동의 조음교대운동 특성
유재연(Jae Yeon Yoo)
한국언어치료학회 / 언어치료연구 제27권 제3호 / 2018 / 13-21 (9 pages)
사회과학>교육학 / KDC : 사회과학 > 교육학 / KCI : 사회과학 > 교육학
초록보기
Purpose: This study investigated the characteristics of the DDK rate according to age and gender and provide normative data of DDK rate in normally developing children. Methods: A total of 248 children from a kindergarten in Gwangju Metropolitan City participated in the study. Among them, 76 were 4-years-old (36 boys, 40 girls); 84 were 5-years-old (42 boys, 42 girls); and 88 were 6-years-old (44 boys, 44 girls). As evaluation tasks, AMR task /p^/, /t^/, and /k^/ were performed. The DDK rate was measured using Motor Speech Profile (Model 5141, Kay PENTAX). To investigate the difference of the DDK rate according to age and gender, two-way ANOVA was performed. Results: There was a statistically significant difference by age in DDK rate for /p^/, /t^/, and /k^/, but there was no significant difference according to gender. Also, there was a significant difference between the ages of 4 and 6 and 5 and 6 in /p^/ and /k^/, and between 4 and 6 in /t^/, respectively. There was a significant difference between the 4- and 5-years-olds only in /p^/. Finally, the DDK rate was found to vary according to the speech task. The DDK rate of /t^/ was significantly faster than that of /p^/ (p<.001). Conclusions: While the DDK rate of children did not differ according to gender, there was a significant difference according to age. Future studies will need to investigate the applicability of DDK performance evaluation results in preschool children s articulation evaluation by not only the DDK rate but also the correlation with DDK regularity and articulation accuracy.
한국 아동용 말더듬 검사(KOCS)의 분석 체계 연구
한국 아동용 말더듬 검사(KOCS)의 분석 체계 연구
장현진(Hyun Jin Chang);신명선(Myung Sun Shin);김효정(Hyo Jung Kim)
한국언어치료학회 / 언어치료연구 제27권 제3호 / 2018 / 23-32 (10 pages)
사회과학>교육학 / KDC : 사회과학 > 교육학 / KCI : 사회과학 > 교육학
초록보기
Purpose: Disfluency analytical methods differ depending on the stuttering evaluation tools. The objective of this study was to look into the validity of utterance analysis range, category of disfluency type, and score system of the Korean Childhood Stuttering Test (KOCS). Methods: This study administered the KOCS speech fluency measure to 10 children with developmental stuttering (age range from 4y 5m to 12y 7m). In the speech fluency task, two utterance analysis ranges, two categories of disfluency type, and frequency counting vs scoring were compared. Correlation analysis between each analysis method and severity of stuttering was performed. Results: First, in utterance analysis range, there was no statistically significant differences between first 3-word analysis and whole utterance analysis in the Speech Fluency Test of KOCS. Both stuttering frequency of first 3-word analysis and that of whole utterance analysis in the Speech Fluency Test of KOCS showed a significantly higher positive correlation with severity of stuttering. Second, There was no significant difference between the analysis by repetition, prolongation and block respectively and the analysis by considering ‘prolongation and block’ as one factor. Third, there was no statistically significant differences between stuttering frequency and KOCS’s scores on first 3-word analysis. Both stuttering frequency and KOCS’s scores showed a significantly higher positive correlation with severity of stuttering. Conclusions: Based on this, it proves that KOCS s SFM analysis criteria and method is valid. If the KOCS is standardized through the validity test, it can be used more conveniently in various situations of stuttering evaluations.
예비 여성 창극인의 발성 특성: 5음을 중심으로
예비 여성 창극인의 발성 특성: 5음을 중심으로
박종혁(Jong Hyurk Park);한지연(Ji Yeon Han);김일륜(Il Ryun Kim)
한국언어치료학회 / 언어치료연구 제27권 제3호 / 2018 / 33-43 (11 pages)
사회과학>교육학 / KDC : 사회과학 > 교육학 / KCI : 사회과학 > 교육학
초록보기
Purpose: Reasonable phonation training of Pansori singers who participate in Changgeuk opera has been emphasized. Pansori singers sing alone, in line with the drum, and the variation of pentatonic scale output is great for each singer. On the other hand, in Changgeuk, five notes are standardized at an average rate (A4 = 440 Hz). Accordingly, this study tries to identify the characteristics of phonation of female Changgeuk apprentice opera singers on the equal temperament considering the singing environments of modern Changgeuk opera. Methods: The subjects were 13 female Changgeuk apprentice opera singers with an average age of 22.84 and 11.46 years of experience in Pansori. Aerodynamic, physiological, and acoustic characteristics of phonation were measured by PAS (phonatory aerodynamic analysis) and Vocal Assessment. Materials were composed in comfortable phonation and phonation with 5 notes (F4, G4, A4, C5, D5) with vowel . The comfortable phonation and phonation with 5 notes were used as independent variables and aerodynamic, physiological, and acoustic parameters were used as dependent variables. Results: The aerodynamic and physiological characteristics of the comfortable phonation and phonation with 5 notes were significantly different only in the EGG-NNE (electroglottography-normalized noise energy). Acoustic characteristics in Mean F0, SD F0, Shimmer, and NNE were significantly different in each phonation in the female vocal transition zone (A4, C5, D5), in particular at the highest note D5. Conclusions: It is inferred that female Changgeuk apprentice opera singers have difficulties in vocal transition, in particular at the highest note (D5). This suggests that this is a useful measure for efficient vocal transition including treble phonation and development of vocal training in Changgeuk opera singers.
음도, 속도, 강도가 화자의 말소리 인식에 미치는 영향
음도, 속도, 강도가 화자의 말소리 인식에 미치는 영향
하보미(Bo Mi Ha);허명진(Myung Jin Huh)
한국언어치료학회 / 언어치료연구 제27권 제3호 / 2018 / 45-54 (10 pages)
사회과학>교육학 / KDC : 사회과학 > 교육학 / KCI : 사회과학 > 교육학
초록보기
Purpose: The influence of voices in communication is great. Voices not only represent information about the speaker, but also express their emotional states. This is because the paralinguistic elements of voice have a great influence on communication, and the voice image of a speaker that a listener feels can change depending on how the paralinguistic element is used. Methods: The purpose of this study is to examine the perception of speech according to changes in three elements among the paralinguistic elements of voice: pitch, duration, and intensity. The subjects of this study were 100 students in their twenties. Questionnaires of voice images were used after supplementing and modifying the questionnaires of “Impression evaluation scale of voice” by Choi (2008). Results: The results of this study were as follows: First, when one paralinguistic elements is changed, the changed in duration or intensity maintains a positive image, while the change in pitch is negative. Second, When two paralinguistic elements were changed, the vocal images appeared to be opposite images when raising and decreasing between pitch and duration, and pitch and intensity, and showed to negative images when both raising and decreasing change of duration and intensity. Third, when pitch, duration, and intensity of the three paralinguistic elements were raised or decreased at the same time, overall negative images became prominent. Conclusions: Through this study, it is found that the vocal image changes resulted from change was most prominent when two paralinguistic elements. Based on this, it will be possible to provide basic information on the use of paralinguistic elements when it is desired to change the image of the voice from the speech therapy aspect.
한국 소프라노 성악가의 가수음성장애지수 연구
한국 소프라노 성악가의 가수음성장애지수 연구
전불희(Bul Hee Jeon);김유리(Yu Ri Kim);유재연(Jae Yeon Yoo)
한국언어치료학회 / 언어치료연구 제27권 제3호 / 2018 / 55-63 (9 pages)
사회과학>교육학 / KDC : 사회과학 > 교육학 / KCI : 사회과학 > 교육학
초록보기
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the subjective feelings and attitude toward soprano voice and the voice satisfaction of singing by using the Singing Voice Handicap Index (SVHI) in Korean. Methods: In this study, we surveyed 61 soprano singers and analyzed their results by distributing the Singing Voice Handicap Index (SVHI) and the voice satisfaction questionnaire to the vocalists through mobile phones. Results: The mean value of the Singing Voice Handicap Index (SVHI) of 61 soprano singers was 42.67 ± 15.29. The soprano singers were 13.19 ± 4.85 in function areas, 12.75 ± 4.96 in physical areas, and 17.17 ± 6.68 in emotional areas. In other words, soprano singers seem to feel that problems with their voices are mild. The average of talking amount was 5.72 ± 1.61. In other words, the soprano singer s speak normally. The level of voice satisfaction at the time of singing was 16.23 ± 5.08. In other words, soprano singers were generally satisfied with their singing voice. Conclusions: As a result, some soprano singers could be expected to have a voice problem. However, most soprano singers did not show a big voice problem. Soprano singers were generally satisfied with their singing voice. It is necessary to analyze the perception of voice problems of vocalists through SVHI and to use more professional management.
한국어 발달성 난독 아동과 일반 아동의 어휘처리시 관찰되는 뇌 활성화: fMRI 연구
한국어 발달성 난독 아동과 일반 아동의 어휘처리시 관찰되는 뇌 활성화: fMRI 연구
조혜숙(Hye Suk Cho);배소영(So Yeong Pae);신가영(Ga Young Shin);편성범(Sung Bom Pyun)
한국언어치료학회 / 언어치료연구 제27권 제3호 / 2018 / 65-85 (21 pages)
사회과학>교육학 / KDC : 사회과학 > 교육학 / KCI : 사회과학 > 교육학
초록보기
Purpose: Most previous neuroimaging studies of developmental dyslexia have focused on phonology, while the semantic aspects of word processing have received less attention. The present study examined brain activity associated with phonology, semantics, and orthography of a word in typically developing children and children with developmental dyslexia during fMRI. Methods: fMRI data were acquired while children were performing a lexical decision task in a scanner. Condition of word, non-word, regular word, and irregular word was compared to the control condition. Comparisons between the four conditions were also conducted. Results: Typically developing children showed brain activity in regions associated with phonological processing and motor control of speech production in word condition. Regular and irregular words revealed brain activity similar to that of word condition. Bilateral insular activation was observed in the non-word condition. The word vs. non-word contrast showed activation in the left middle temporal gyrus, which was involved in semantic processing. Dyslexic children differed from the control group and showed no neural activity in regions associated with semantics in word vs. non-word comparison. Right hemisphere activation was frequently observed. Activation of the left fusiform gyrus was related to reading experience as shown in dyslexic children in grade 6. Conclusions: The findings of the present study suggest that brain activity associated with semantic processing was likely to be reduced in dyslexic children compared to typically developing children and that intervention on semantics such as semantic elaboration as well as on phonology is needed for improvement of reading ability in those children.
증강현실 기반 언어치료 프로그램이 언어발달지체 아동의 어휘력 향상에 미치는 효과
증강현실 기반 언어치료 프로그램이 언어발달지체 아동의 어휘력 향상에 미치는 효과
김혜진(Hea Jin Kim);권순복(Soon Bok Kwon)
한국언어치료학회 / 언어치료연구 제27권 제3호 / 2018 / 87-96 (10 pages)
사회과학>교육학 / KDC : 사회과학 > 교육학 / KCI : 사회과학 > 교육학
초록보기
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine how therapy based on augmented reality influences vocabulary improvements in children with language development delays. Methods: The therapy was conducted for two sessions a week for a total of 12 weeks (24 sessions) on five children aged 3 to 4 with language retardation. Speech therapy based on augmented reality programs was realized on a tablet PC, and the effect was verified by pre- and post-tests after applying a pretest-posttest design of single subject research experiment. Wilcoxon signed-rank test was also used as an SPSS statistical package to verify the therapy effect. Results: As a result of the application of the augmented reality speech therapy program, the vocabulary for all five children with language development delays improved. Both acceptance and expressive vocabulary showed high average scores in post evaluation. Improvements of both types of vocabulary were statistically significant before and after the augmented reality therapy program. Conclusions: Speech therapy based on augmented reality is not only effective in vocabulary learning of children with language development retardation, but also easy to present verbs that are difficult for children with language development retardation to learn. Furthermore, it was also effective in learning vocabulary by increasing learning interest and immersion. Therefore, speech therapy based on augmented reality can be a useful tool to supplement traditional therapy.
초등학교 1-2학년 국어 교과서 구문 분석
초등학교 1-2학년 국어 교과서 구문 분석
김시현(Si Hyun Kim);김민성(Min Sung Kim);유영주(Young Ju Yoo);김화수(Wha Soo Kim)
한국언어치료학회 / 언어치료연구 제27권 제3호 / 2018 / 97-105 (9 pages)
사회과학>교육학 / KDC : 사회과학 > 교육학 / KCI : 사회과학 > 교육학
초록보기
Purpose: Syntactic ability is an essential element of literacy development in school-age children. This study aims to analyze the 1 st and 2 nd grade elementary school Korean textbooks from the 2015 Revised National Curriculum to provide basic data regarding the syntactic characteristics of reading lessons for school-aged children. Methods: An intelligent morpheme analyzer was used to calculate the average length of the sentences in 1 st and 2 nd grade Korean textbooks. In addition, the sentences were classified according to the termination method, divided according to sentence structure, and analyzed by subtypes. Results: The number of sentences in 2 nd grade textbooks (68.17%) was higher than that of 1 st grade textbooks (31.83%); the average sentence length was 6.22 words. The types of sentences were, in order of frequncy: declarative (55.03%), propositive (24.70%), interrogative (13.07%), imperative (4.25%), and exclamatory (2.95%). In addition, the rate of complex sentences (65.15%) was higher than that of simple sentences (34.85%). In complex sentences, embedded sentences (61.36%) were more frequent than conjoined sentences (38.64%). As for conjoined sentences, coordinate conjoined sentences (51.04%) and subordinate conjoined sentences (48.96%) showed a similar proportion. As for embedded sentences, adnominal clause (55.26%) was the most frequent sentence type followed by adverbial clause (22.98%), noun clause (11.05%), quotative clause (7.48%), and predicate clause (3.23%). Conclusions: The results suggest including sentences frequently shown in textbooks to mediation goal in order to support the reading comprehension and writing of school age children. The study is expected to be utilized as a reference tool in the mediation process of language evaluation of normal school-aged children and children with language learning disability.
3-5세 일반아동의 도상적 제스처 이해 및 산출 특성
3-5세 일반아동의 도상적 제스처 이해 및 산출 특성
박현주(Hyun Ju Park);김영태(Young Tae Kim)
한국언어치료학회 / 언어치료연구 제27권 제3호 / 2018 / 107-122 (16 pages)
사회과학>교육학 / KDC : 사회과학 > 교육학 / KCI : 사회과학 > 교육학
초록보기
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of comprehension and production of gesture symbols in young children through direct assessment and to obtain clinical information. Methods: The subjects were 60 typically developing 3- to 5-year-old children divided into three groups of 20 people. Sex was matched one-to-one. For all children, the gesture comprehension and production tests consisted of three types (shape, action, and agent’s action). Next, we analyzed comprehension accuracy and production percentages, and examined whether there were significant differences according to gesture type and age. Also, we examined whether there was a significant correlation between the dependent variables and the vocabulary scores. Results: First, the gesture comprehension accuracy was significantly different according to type and age. The sunjects understood shape gestures better than action gestures and agent’s action gestures. In addition, accuracy increased with age. Second, gesture production percentage was significantly different according to type and age. The subjects produced shape gestures less than the other two type of gestures. The 3-year-olds produced more action gestures and agent’s action gestures, while the 4-year-olds produced more shape gestures, and the 5-year-olds produced all three types of gestures evenly. Third, gesture comprehension accuracy and production percentages were significantly correlated with receptive and expressive vocabulary scores. Conclusions: Preschool children were able to comprehend and produce gesture symbols properly. When we use gestures for communication intervention, it is necessary to carefully consider which attributes of the referents are to be portrayed as gestures.
언어장애아동의 일화에 관한 쓰기 특성
언어장애아동의 일화에 관한 쓰기 특성
박선희(Sun Hee Park)
한국언어치료학회 / 언어치료연구 제27권 제3호 / 2018 / 123-134 (12 pages)
사회과학>교육학 / KDC : 사회과학 > 교육학 / KCI : 사회과학 > 교육학
초록보기
Purpose: The purpose of this study aims to investigate the characteristics of anecdote writing by children with intellectual disabilities (ID) and children with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD). Methods: Seven children with ID and seven children with ASD participated in this study. The characteristics of anecdote writing were analytical evaluation and language domain evaluation. Analytical evaluation was subdivided into content, organization, and expression, while expression was subdivided into richness of content and relevance of content. Organization was subdivided into appropriateness of writing structure, appropriateness of paragraph structure. Expression included appropriateness of vocabulary usage and appropriateness of sentence structure. Language domain evaluation was subdivided into semantic and syntactic analysis. In semantic analysis, NTW, NDW, and frequency of part of speech were calculated, and in syntactic analysis, the number of T-units and frequency of cohesive markers were examined. Results: First, children with ID showed higher scores in richness of content, relevance of content, appropriateness of writing structure, appropriateness of paragraph structure, appropriateness of vocabulary usage, and appropriateness of sentence structure than children with ASD. Second, children with ID showed higher scores in NTW and NDW than children with ASD. In frequency of part of speech, noun was most common in children with ID and ASD. Children with ID scored higher in T-units than children with ASD. In frequency of cohesive makers, both children with ID and ASD showed the following, in order of frequency: conjunction, referential substitution, auxiliary particles, and lexical cohesion. Conclusions: In the anecdote writing of children with language impairments, children with ID have more abundant and relevant writing expressions than children with autistic spectrum disorder. Children with ID used structure and vocabulary more appropriately in writing than did children with ASD.
학령기 자폐범주장애 아동의 마음읽기 능력 향상을 위한 스크립트 중재의 효과
학령기 자폐범주장애 아동의 마음읽기 능력 향상을 위한 스크립트 중재의 효과
서유진(Yu Jin Seo);박은실(Eun Sil Park);신혜정(Hye Jung Shin)
한국언어치료학회 / 언어치료연구 제27권 제3호 / 2018 / 135-147 (13 pages)
사회과학>교육학 / KDC : 사회과학 > 교육학 / KCI : 사회과학 > 교육학
초록보기
Purpose: Children with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) exhibit severe deficits in their ability to understand the thoughts of others. This leads to difficulties in interpersonal relationships and social interaction in children with ASD. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of script intervention on the theory of mind ability of school-aged children with autistic spectrum disorders. Methods: This study was conducted on three school-aged children with autistic spectrum disorders, and a pre-post design was used in order to investigate the effects of this study on theory of mind ability. The intervention was carried out for 40 minutes per session, with a total of 24 sessions being conducted. A total six scripts were used in the intervention program; each of the scripts was divided into emotion recognition, the script training, and completion. The intervention program was constructed using scripts that can occur in a variety of situations to understand and to express emotions for school-aged children with autistic spectrum disorders. Results: The results of this study are as follows. First, compared to the pre-assessment, the theory of mind ability of all subjects improved in the post-assessment. Second, compared to the pre-assessment, the theory of mind expression of all subjects improved in the post-assessment. Conclusions: Based on the above results, it can be concluded that script intervention has a positive effect on improving the theory of mind ability of school-aged children with autistic spectrum disorders. The script can stimulate voluntary communication by providing a shared knowledge of the situation, and the activities that understand and express emotions that can occur in script situations have positively influenced theory of mind ability.